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2004 Award winners

Announced by Senator the Hon. Christopher Ellison Minister for Justice and Customs and Senator for Western Australia on Wednesday, 24 November 2004.

Three projects were selected as national winners:

Pathways to Prevention Project (Queensland)

Award: $10,000 and a Certificate of Merit

The project promotes and sustains children's wellbeing through building a nurturing context for their development. It focuses on the transition to school in the most disadvantaged urban area of Queensland, and involves the integration of family support programs with pre-school and school-based programs in seven schools within a community development framework. This is achieved through: reducing behavioural problems and increasing communication skills and prosocial behaviours; enhancing children's readiness for school and ameliorating early social disadvantage; encouraging the participation of parents in the education of their children; enhancing social, family and school interaction patterns; reducing levels of social isolation within the community; and supporting families with practical assistance to promote family independence and resilience.

The 2004 Australian Crime and Violence Prevention Awards national award winning 'Pathways to Prevention Project' from Queensland, was presented by Mission Australia representative Ms Maree Leach at a workshop entitled 'Strategies and Best Practices for Crime Prevention, in particular in relation to Urban Crime and Youth at Risk' at the 11th United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice held in Bangkok from 18-25 April 2005.

The video of the workshop (Afternoon Session Committee I) can be found online. Ms Leach's presentation commences 24 minutes into the video and is approximately 10 minutes in length.

Crime Stoppers Youth Challenge (Tasmania)

Award: $10,000 and a Certificate of Merit

This project is an enquiry-based competition for school students. They are invited to work in groups to explore their connections with the community, their own beliefs, motivations of others and also design creative and practical solutions to assist in reducing crime. Students learn about the consequences of crime on the victim, offender and the community as a whole. The objective of the program is for the students to understand the context of crime and its consequences, understand the formal processes of solving crime, and to reduce crime by increasing the number and quality of calls to Crime Stoppers.

Glendonald Park Improvement Initiative (Victoria)

Award: $10,000 and a Certificate of Merit

The redevelopment of Glendonald Park is a community development project which commenced in 1999. The park forms a lineal 'spine' through Glendonald Estate, a neighbourhood that has a high concentration of public housing. The Estate had a poor self-image and was also perceived as a threat to other people living nearby. As a direct result of the Glendonald community taking ownership and control of their own situation, and with the support of the local council, the area was substantially improved. The park project provided a focal point for the community and contributed to change the perceptions and actual experiences of safety in public areas in Glendonald. It also provided an opportunity to attend to poor urban design features within the park, to improve the amenity/aesthetics of the park and to add equipment and infrastructure that encourages active and passive use of the park.

Five projects received an award of $5,000 and a Certificate of Merit

Youth Links Post Release Support Program (New South Wales)

This program provides holistic casework support for the reintegration of young people who have been involved in the juvenile justice system back into their communities. One caseworker is employed with a caseload of 15 young offenders and their families, and works collaboratively with the Department of Juvenile Justice. A network of care and support is developed to assist the young people reintegrate back into their community. The program ensures that clients leaving detention have access to appropriate accommodation which is safe and secure, as well as income support. Clients are also provided with opportunities to participate and access equitable options in education, training and vocation. They are also encouraged to participate in physical fitness and sporting activities. Information and support regarding the use of alcohol and illicit drugs is also given.

T.A.G. (Truancy and Graffiti) Mareeba (Queensland)

The purpose of this program is to assist young people in breaking the cycle of truancy and petty crime by re-engaging them with school and community. This is achieved by: forming relationships between young people at risk, community groups, school, police, local government representatives, their peers and business people; providing activities to help young people re-engage in community and school; and by police working in collaboration with schools to seek out truants and to provide a mechanism for engaging parents of repeat offenders.

Neighbourhood Renewal (Victoria)

This program aims to transform and significantly improve the social, economic and environmental conditions of residents in public housing estates. It operates through democratically elected Neighbourhood Advisory Boards/Teams (NAB/T) comprising residents and service providers. Each NAB/T has an agreed Terms of Reference including a mandate to address crime and safety issues. The program operates through a Community Action Planning process in which residents identify issues of concern, methods of resolution and indicators of success.

Safe City Education Project for Schools (Western Australia)

This program incorporates an early intervention approach to crime prevention and is conducted in conjunction with Neighbourhood Watch and WA Police. The program is based on educating young people about crime prevention. Schools within the local government area are contacted at the beginning of each term. Subjects of greatest need within a crime prevention context are identified for each school. A presentation is given to each particular school. This is based on their need and is tailored to the age group receiving the presentation. Information kits are distributed to all students and teachers. These kits incorporate information about crime prevention for teachers, children and the children's parents.

Women and Safety Study (Western Australia)

This is a research, action-based project that examines actual safety and perceptions of safety, resulting in the identification of public initiatives to reduce crime and the fear of crime in the community. The principle objectives of the study involve: improving safety, both actual and perceived, for women in public spaces in the central city; identifying generic and specific safety and security issues for a range of women using the city (including youth, seniors, women with disabilities and night workers); and developing policies, processes and procedures to address safety and security issues for women in public places. The study comprised five stages: a literature review; analysis of local crime data; a safety audit; a set of recommendations; and the development of guidelines for a safer design policy for use by architects, urban designers, landscape architects and other related professionals.

Nine projects received an award of $3,000 and a Certificate of Merit

Right Turn - Rehabilitating Juvenile Car Thieves (ACT)

Right Turn is an initiative designed to reduce the incidence and community cost of motor vehicle theft in the ACT. The program is a ten-week course delivering nationally accredited automotive training at the Canberra Institute of Technology (CIT) to young people considered to be a high risk for stealing cars. The program is based on the restoration of a recovered vehicle for ultimate presentation to a needy victim of crime and creates pathways to further education and vocational placements.

Darwin Youth Beat (Northern Territory)

This program is a mobile outreach service employing four youth workers and a service coordinator who engage with young people where they gather in the community and public space. The service operates seven days per week over a rotating roster. The youth workers operate from vehicles between the hours of 4pm and 4am. They assist with crisis referrals to appropriate agencies, safety escorts, reconnection between youth and families, service provider information to young people, linking young people to community services, community networking, follow-up referral support and employment and educational referral.

Sisters Inside Inc Building on Women's Strengths Program (Queensland)

This program provides intensive support over a three-month period for mothers who have been imprisoned and are due for release. The first stage of the program is conducted in the last four weeks of their prison term and covers their preparation for release. The second stage of the program provides intensive support in the first one to six weeks immediately following release from prison. The third stage provides minimal support in the seven to twelve weeks following release. Exit strategies are implemented during the last four weeks of this stage. Through counselling, the women are given resources to avoid putting themselves into situations where they will be exposed to violence. The program also provides accommodation and other support networks so that the women are able to cope on their own without needing to rely on violent partners or other family members.

The Art Force Project (Queensland)

Brisbane City Council is responsible for approximately 800 traffic signal boxes. A 1998 audit revealed that these were by far the Council's most vandalised assets, with over 95 per cent being heavily covered with graffiti. To counter this, legal graffiti art painted by graffiti artists was used to completely cover the traffic signal boxes. After a threemonth trial period that demonstrated a 100 per cent prevention record, the Art Force project was launched. By supplying all of the necessary safety equipment, paints and materials, the application of legal art to prevent vandalism is facilitated.

Graffiti - A Community Initiative in Greater Geelong (Victoria)

This program is aimed at reducing the incidence of graffiti across the local government area. It includes rapid removal of existing graffiti, the prevention of graffiti writing and policing. Rapid removal projects have been specifically targeted and well-coordinated in areas of high public traffic and visibility. Once an area has been identified an audit is undertaken and a removal process initiated within a month. To encourage participation in these areas, property owners/occupiers are offered an initial subsidy. Policing is part of a process used to deter those who continue to participate in graffiti. Local government has worked with the police in areas where graffiti has been a recurring problem. As part of this program, young people have also been successfully engaged in public street art projects.

Health and Safety Committee - Parkside Estate, Shepparton (Victoria)

This program empowers local communities to shape their own futures and builds on the strengths of each community by enhancing local skills, capacity and leadership. It brings together the resources and ideas of residents, government, local communities, businesses and community groups to transform and significantly improve the social, economic and environmental conditions of residents of local public housing estates. The program achieves this by: increasing people's pride and participation in the community; enhancing the physical environment; providing employment, education and training opportunities by expanding local economies; improving personal safety and reducing crime; promoting health and wellbeing; and increasing access to transport and other key services.

Stamping Out Graffiti (Victoria)

This program aims to eradicate graffiti through an aggressive and innovative approach that uses three proven management strategies: eradication, education and enforcement. Eradication involves residents who report graffiti to a 24-hour hotline, council contractors remove the graffiti immediately. Education to prevent graffiti writing is specifically targeted towards young people in schools with an emphasis on the antisocial behaviour. Enforcement focuses on prevention, detection and prosecution. The program recognises that graffiti is a community issue that requires a holistic approach that embraced the entire community working in partnership.

Combined Award: The New Girl and BTV - Get With the Program (Western Australia)

The New Girl

This is an early intervention program designed to reduce the incidence of school bullying. It is presented in the form of a puppet show with the aim of recognising the difference between 'dobbing' and 'telling'. Dobbing is telling on somebody purely with the purpose of getting them into trouble, while telling is going to someone for help and support. By presenting realistic scenarios that the children can relate to, valuable knowledge, decision-making opportunities, skills and coping mechanisms are provided to the children. The program includes a question and answer session held at the conclusion of each show to discuss what happened in the presentation and to reinforce the topics covered. A teacher support package is provided.

BTV - Get With the Program

This program is presented in the form of an interactive drama play. Topics covered include definitions of bullying, bullying behaviours and how to cope with being bullied. The program also addresses being aware about the manner in which the children treat other people as well as teaching other people how to treat them. The program includes a question and answer session held at the conclusion of each show to discuss what happened in the presentation and to reinforce the topics covered. A teacher support package is provided.

Preventing Family Disintegration in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Communities (CALD): A Partnership Approach (Western Australia)

This project is a partnership approach that works with the whole community to develop and implement an effective, culturally acceptable and responsive strategy to prevent family breakdown through family violence. The involvement of the whole community from the outset promotes open communication about early intervention and prevention strategies that can be implemented by all community members. It also generates a sense of 'ownership' for the strategy that ensures its sustainability. The project raises awareness of the adverse impact family violence has on the family and the community by making available culturally appropriate resources to support families adjusting to a new culture. It also promotes the formation of networks between communities and relevant service providers and provides capacity-building to strengthen the family unit.

Sixteen projects were awarded $2,000 and a Certificate of Merit

Beginning Well (New South Wales)

This is an extensive transition program for children and their families providing support as the children begin school. It runs over the last two terms of pre-school in preparation for Kindergarten the following year. The program focuses on social skills, early literacy and numeracy concepts, play skills and school behaviours including playground skills. It is aimed at those children who are most at risk of attendance and behaviour difficulties at school due to their limited experiences with early childhood services.

C.O.O.L. (Combined Outreach Ongoing Living) Program (New South Wales)

The C.O.O.L Program is a one-week program conducted by the Glebe/Leichhardt Police and Community Youth Clubs (PCYC) and runs five days per week during school hours for the school term. The program consists of an educational session followed by a sport/ recreation session. The educational sessions include: crime prevention, life skills, budgeting (mobile phones, credit cards, living expenses), employment (visit to Centrelink and TAFE), resumes, career and job information, drug and alcohol awareness and healthy lifestyles. Sport and recreation sessions include sports clinics with local rugby, soccer, football and netball clubs. Upon successful completion of the program, participants automatically become members of the Glebe/Leichardt PCYC, and are able to use all club facilities and continue their involvement in sport.

Kinks and Bends (New South Wales)

This program is an educational package focusing on issues specifically around forced sexual experiences in social situations (date rape). It encourages a community response to reduce this type of violence. The program provides young people with skills and knowledge about protective behaviours. It is delivered by youth and community workers, teachers and other facilitators either in a school setting or in community centres.

Police/Women's Refuge Partnerships Against Domestic Violence Project (New South Wales)

This program provides outreach services from trained workers to people who have recently experienced a violent incident from their partner or other family member. After a police response or call-out to a domestic violence incident, the support workers provide timely intervention to the victims of the violence to provide support, offer options, give relevant information, assist victims to be safer and to assist in referral to other relevant agencies. This occurs within 24 hours of the incident.

Reconnect Program (New South Wales)

The program is conducted by police attached to the PCYC over a seven-week period, with participants attending two days per week for five hours each day. Included in the program are educational sessions that cover issues such as crime prevention, self-esteem, drugs and alcohol, cultural awareness, anger management and employment skills.

Street Beat Project (New South Wales)

This program operates on Thursday, Friday and Saturday nights from early evening to the early hours of the following morning and is on-call for the remainder of the week for local police and the Department of Community Services. It proactively makes contact with young people and police to minimise crime and police involvement in youth activities. This is achieved by demonstrating support for young people and their activities, identifying potentially antisocial youth and providing counselling and or referring them to professional support.

Real Justice in a Happy and Safe School (New South Wales)

This program has three components and is taught in all classes from Kindergarten to Year 6. The first component is a strong anti-bullying program that incorporates assertiveness training. Concepts, skills and strategies to deal with bullying are taught in a sequential program. This empowers younger children and potential victims with skills to combat bullying. It also heightens the awareness of students to recognise bullying as it is occurring and to intervene or report it so action can be taken immediately. The second component of the program assists both the perpetrator and the victims to achieve 'fair process' and restitution. The third component of the program consists of conferencing sessions with the perpetrators and assists them to modify their behaviour.

Glendyne Education and Youth Training Centre (Queensland)

The program provides education and employment skills, development and support for disadvantaged males and females in a rural, residential setting with the aim of getting their lives back on track. It operates from a pineapple farm of 140 acres and provides youth at risk of long-term unemployment with basic life skills, education and other life experiences. Placements into apprenticeships, traineeships and other employment opportunities are offered. This typically leads to increased self-esteem and a desire to develop future skills and achieve career and personal aspirations, steering the young people away from a life of crime, self-harm and perceived failure.

Graffiti Reduction and Clean Up (Queensland)

The primary role of this project is to prevent graffiti and vandalism. It comprises twenty volunteers ranging in ages from 50 to 80 years who conduct regular vehicle patrols on Friday and Saturday night between midnight and 7am. They also patrol on other nights as required. Vandalism identified by these patrols is either cleaned up immediately or early the next day. Volunteers of the local Rotary Club conduct the clean up. The group liaises with the police, elected representatives, the Brisbane City Council and the Main Roads department, acting as a voice for the wider community.

Huon Stronger Communities Partnership (Tasmania)

The project was established in response to social problems such as crime, property damage, drug and alcohol-related problems, youth at risk and domestic violence that were occurring in the local area. Through a partnership approach which incorporates representatives from the local communities, the Chamber of Commerce, schools, open learning, the police, local government and the Department of Health and Human Services, social issues and needs are identified. Action groups are then formed to resolve the problem.

Outreach Programs (Tasmania)

The Police Citizens Youth Clubs (PCYC) operates this program. Through the use of buses, trailers and staff on foot, communities most in need are targeted and programs designed to meet particular needs of different communities. Young people are offered the opportunity to participate in weekly rostered sporting activities. There are also a wide variety of support services that give opportunities to obtain appropriate services for a diverse range of issues such as homelessness, unemployment and criminal offending.

Darebin Family Violence Working Group (Victoria)

The aim of this project is to coordinate a partnership approach to address local family violence issues. It involves a working group of police officers, community-based agencies, family support workers and legal workers who have been involved with people experiencing family violence. The working group meets monthly and has undertaken a number of projects. These include: a one-day forum to develop increased networking and information provision; the development of a card containing advice on what to do in an emergency and how to develop a safety plan for people who experience domestic violence; the establishment of the family violence practice issues network; the establishment of workshops for women and families applying for intervention orders; media articles and the creation of new and innovative partnerships for the prevention of family violence in the local area.

Lions Link (Victoria)

This program is a proactive customer service community initiative. It is predominantly a telephone-based communications program aimed at reducing fear and improving safety for socially isolated elderly and disabled members of the community. Volunteers make telephone calls to the elderly and disabled people depending on individual needs. Friendly personal advice is given as well as support and assistance in order to placate fears and promote confident living.

Youth and Special Events - Community Safety 'Education + Planning + Respect = Fun' (Victoria)

The program was developed to address problems associated with the binge drinking and antisocial behaviour of young people during the hosting of 'special events' such as schoolies week, the motorcycle grand prix and new year's eve. Formal protocols are developed and coordinated by stakeholders with an interest in youth. These include the police, the YMCA, youth services, the local council, the schools and the community. The coordination of street activities and the engagement of young people provide the opportunity to communicate localised information regarding services, facilities and opportunities for safe recreation.

Coolgardie Youth Project (Western Australia)

This project, initiated by the local police, aims at reducing juvenile-related crime. The concept behind the project is to reward youth for good behaviour at the end of each school term by providing funds for activities such as camps to the coast, movies, discos, bike fun days, cooking and art days. By rewarding good behaviour, the project looks at turning around the behaviour of young criminal offenders. Police and community members (including schools) are involved in the process of deciding which youth participate in the program.

Home Security Incentive Scheme (Western Australia)

This program offers a subsidy to local residents to install security measures in their homes to give them increased protection from burglary. Items included in the scheme are home intruder alarms, door dead bolts, keyed window locks, security sensor lighting, security doors and security window screens. Subsidies are paid directly to companies carrying out the security services, with the applicant paying the balance. Residents and property owners are offered a dollar value subsidy on the price of a selected range of security devices. The subsidy is dependent upon individual circumstances. Pensioners receive a higher subsidy than other members of the community.

Two projects were awarded $1,000 and a Certificate of Merit

Amsterdam Circuit Trial Laneway Closures (Northern Territory)

A security firm has been contracted to open and close the three gates on either end of three laneways that intersect a small suburban street to prevent access after dark. The project has been implemented to curb unacceptable and irresponsible behaviour of juveniles during the late night or early morning hours that threaten the safety and security of residents. It also aims to address the issue of itinerants gathering in lanes and the park in large groups, drinking and engaging in antisocial behaviour preventing access of residents through the lanes.

Party Safe - North West Project (Tasmania)

The project is a collaboration between youth service providers and schools and delivers information to young people, particularly school leavers, on issues relating to hosting and attending parties. It is an interactive format of about two hours durations which incorporates static displays, discussion groups, demonstrations and games/quizzes as well as small group work examining scenarios, role-playing and decision-making. Topics addressed include: alcohol and drug issues, sexual health, healthy relationships and legal, community and personal responsibility.

Thirteen Certificates of Merit were awarded

Adult Sex Offender Program (ASOP) (Australian Capital Territory)

ASOP is a community-based, mandated treatment program for offenders who have committed sexual offences. Offenders are predominately treated in a group context but also receive individual counselling as needed to supplement the group work. This program is open-ended and offenders can only graduate from the program by reaching specified treatment targets and successfully completing written projects. This allows each offender to work towards their treatment goals at their own pace. Offenders who are near the end of treatment are able to act as role models for participants who are less advanced in their treatment. Basing graduation on the attainment of treatment targets and written projects substantially reduces the risk of discharging offenders who have not made sufficient progress. As a consequence, offenders with issues that are more complex and who are more resistant to treatment receive a greater degree of treatment, consistent with the 'what works' principles of correctional treatment.

Jackaroo/Jillaroo Program (New South Wales)

The Singleton Police and Community Youth Club (PCYC) run this program. The program is run over a period of six weeks, seven days of which is residential. Included in the program is education on drug and alcohol prevention, crime prevention, life skills and self-esteem. Participants are also provided with information in relation to TAFE courses available for rural employment. The program is funded by the NSW Department of Sport and Recreation.

Law Firms Encouraging and Assisting Promising Students (LEAPS) (New South Wales)

This is a mentoring program in which disengaged young people in disadvantaged areas are mentored by staff from large city law firms. It brings the students, who may come from families affected by long-term unemployment, into the workplace to show them the types of jobs that exist in large businesses. Volunteers from a city law firm are trained to mentor each student. The students are also trained in workplace behaviour. The mentors visit the school to meet the students and their families to be matched. Both mentors and students sign commitment statements. After an initial work-shadowing period, the students travel to Sydney once a fortnight to spend an hour doing structured activities with their mentors. These activities include study skills, goal-setting, ethics and work skills.

Safer by Design (New South Wales)

This program focuses on the design, planning and structure of cities and neighbourhoods. It reduces opportunities for crime by employing design and place management principles that minimise the likelihood of essential crime ingredients from intersecting in time and space. The program is a crime risk assessment instrument developed by the New South Wales Police to help planners, architects, crime prevention practitioners and design consultants determine when, where and how to use Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED). Based on the Australia and New Zealand Risk Management Standard (ANZ4360:1999), the design-based evaluation employed qualitative and quantitative measures of the physical and social environment to create a contextually adjustable approach to the analysis and treatment of crime opportunity.

Hervey Bay Youth Crime Prevention Program (Queensland)

The program is conducted by Hervey Bay City Council and uses competitive sport as the vehicle to engage the participants. Initially the project focused on young girls and basketball, and then evolved through time to both boys and girls and touch football. The project operates with regular training sessions and workshops on matters such as drug and alcohol misuse, interview skills, immunisation, commitment and responsibility, and respect for people and property. The program offers social networks for the participants to re-engage in the community in a productive way.

Project Beach Safe - Quad Bike Patrols of the Kawana Beachfront (Queensland)

This project is a partnership between the local council and the Queensland Police Service. It aims to ensure that the users of the beachfront environment have a safe area in which to enjoy themselves. This is achieved through the development of protocols and strategies that reduce the incidence of inappropriate behaviour in the dune areas. Night patrols undertaken by the police target young people involved in drug and alcohol-related behaviour. The rapid response by police using special all terrain vehicles that can be driven over the dunes has substantially reduced the incidence of antisocial behaviour and violence.

Designing Out Crime - Designing in People: A Guide for Safer Design (Tasmania)

This is a user-friendly booklet that aims to promote the principles of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED). It aims to: provide various stakeholders (planners, developers, architects, builders, home owners) with a set of strategies for reducing environmental opportunities for crime and violence; to enhance community safety for users of public and private spaces/places by providing information that supports and enhances the development of situational crime prevention; and to raise awareness regarding the role of community development for crime prevention and community safety strategies.

Student Absence from School and Juvenile Crime Project (Tasmania)

The project provides a literature review on truancy and causal factors relating to juvenile crime. It consists of a questionnaire for individual schools to adapt to their specific circumstances to analyse why students truant. Through this analysis a proposed range of strategies can be undertaken. The project also allows for a more effective understanding of the complex issues surrounding truanting and the illegal activities of young people.

CAR-SAFE Immobilise Now! (Victoria)

This is a voluntary program that encourages the fitting of electronic engine immobilisers to Australia's existing non-immobilised vehicle fleet. The program also aims to heighten community awareness on the issues of older vehicle theft. The program has an extensive public education component that delivers key vehicle security messages and calls to the owners of older vehicles to fit an immobiliser. A motorist may become aware of the program and call the central information number. The call centre then dispatches an information pamphlet containing a generic description of products available and a list of participating installers in the caller's state or territory.

Centre Voice (Victoria)

The project is a strategic response to the issue of young people, and particularly young people in groups, congregating around the Greensborough District Shopping Centre. The project engages stakeholders of the Greensborough District Centre in addressing drug and alcohol issues and also issues associated with young people in a public space. Through a coordinated approach including the police, retailers, the local school and a youth worker as well as the young people themselves, it aims to create positive perceptions of young people and to initiate community links that benefit young people and the traders in the shopping centre.

Mansfield E-Caf (Caf Connect) (Victoria)

The Mansfield E-Caf provides a safe and welcoming meeting place for young people, allowing them access to the internet, faxing, photocopying and scanning. It is a resource centre offering assistance with careers, job-seeking skills and information about local initiatives for young people and the general community. It is also a training venue for young people to develop skills in a variety of areas including small business management, hospitality, computer skills, leadership and community development. It also offers access to other youth services.

Combined Award: eWATCH Program and Detached Youth Work Program (Western Australia)

eWATCH Program

eWATCH was developed by the City of Gosnells Council, in partnership with the WA Police, to establish a network of 'community eyes' connected by email to assist with information exchange to enhance community safety. Reports, which include information sought on lost children, burglaries, armed offenders and illegal currency, are initiated by the police and forwarded to registered community and business email addresses via the Safe City Initiative. Those who can assist respond via email and this is forwarded to the police for action, providing a valuable and immediate source of 'eyes on the street'. Reporting of information from members of the community is kept totally anonymous. The project is regarded as an inexpensive and timely way to encourage the business and residential community to participate in crime prevention

Detached Youth Work Program

The main focus of the program is for youth workers to make contact and build relationships with young people engaged in high-risk antisocial activities. A relationship of trust is established so that relevant issues can be addressed. The young people are encouraged to engage in community-based activities and seek help from appropriate agencies when needed. The individualised attention gives benefits to both the young people and the community.

Street Net Youth Outreach Service (Western Australia)

This project addresses the antisocial behaviour of local youth by increasing the involvement of young people in community activities. The is achieved by the following strategies: provision of support, referral, counselling and advocacy (with a particular emphasis on the issues faced by young Indigenous people); working actively to promote positive behaviour by encouraging greater involvement in the community; the provision of valuable networks; directing young people away from crime and antisocial behaviour by providing support and encouragement to participate in programs which are aimed at increasing self-esteem and life skills; identifying problems and providing interventions in an endeavour to direct young people's energy towards positive and life enhancing activities.