Australian Institute of Criminology

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Correctional procedures

  1. Rosazza, T.A. 1996, 'Hog-Tying: Is it the Use of Deadly Force?', American Jails, January/February, pp. 43-45.

    This article is about the use, of hog-tying, an accepted and commonly used method of restraint to control unruly prisoner behaviour. The method involves restraining a prisoner's hands behind his back, restraining his feet and then coupling the hand and feet restraints from the back, leaving the prisoner unable to stand. This procedure can cause positional asphyxia which occurs when the position of the body interferes with respiration, resulting in loss of consciousness or death. Most of the cases of reported positional asphyxia occur when police are transporting prisoners. This article discusses the use of hog-tying, the need for jail officers to resort to the use of restraint and the precautions that can be taken when it does become necessary to use restraint. Correctional officers need to be aware of how hog-tying can lead to death.

  2. Temby, I. 1989, Preventing Custodial Deaths: A Systemic Approach, (14 September, Melbourne), John Barry Memorial Lecture.

    This is a lecture focussing on important systemic measures available to prevent custodial deaths. The emphasis of the paper is upon the care of prisoners, rather than the process by which they became such. Specific cases are discussed in light of the duty of care and responsibilities for those inmates and other generally and notes that not enough is presently being done to discharge these responsibilities. The coronial system and the role played by State and Territory coroners is examined in relation to deaths in custody generally and one case specifically. Other systemic possibilities and suggested changes to the system are highlighted.

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