Australian Institute of Criminology

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Appendixes

Appendix A: Homicide incidents, 2008–10

Table A1 Incidents of homicide by year and jurisdiction, 1989–90 to 2009–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
1989–90 95 74 68 25 20 5 20 0 307
1990–91 118 72 56 22 22 5 28 0 323
1991–92 106 54 68 29 27 9 18 2 313
1992–93 111 59 73 34 30 6 17 1 331
1993–94 118 48 62 36 29 5 23 2 323
1994–95 90 73 59 46 29 5 20 4 326
1995–96 110 52 65 33 13 6 22 1 302
1996–97 100 51 80 23 22 3 18 2 299
1997–98 107 41 73 34 27 4 11 1 298
1998–99 111 54 64 33 38 7 18 2 327
1999–2000 106 62 58 34 23 9 7 3 302
2000–01 116 53 65 28 21 8 17 0 308
2001–02 97 82 75 33 31 9 24 3a 354
2002–03 103 57 62 32 22 6 17 3 302
2003–04 81 68 58 36 28 3 11 3 288
2004–05 73 55 51 27 20 10 12 3a 251
2005–06 85 67 56 30 21 3 16 5 283
2006–07 89 47 53 27 12 8 18 4 258
2007–08 88 44 54 30 18 5 18 3 260
2008–09 77 51 46 30 26 8 11 4 253
2009–10 76 59 56 23 21 6 13 3 257

a: Includes 1 incident on Norfolk Island

Source: AIC NHMP 1989–90 to 2009–10 [computer file]

Table A2 Incidents of homicide by most serious charge and jurisdiction, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
Murder 61 43 41 27 19 7 10 4 212
Manslaughter 9 6 5 0 5 1 1 0 27
Infanticide 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
Not stated/unknown 6 2 0 3 1 0 0 0 12
Total 76 51 46 30 26 8 11 4 252
2009–10
Murder 59 55 45 18 19 5 8 1 210
Manslaughter 13 2 11 3 0 1 5 1 36
Infanticide 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
Not stated/unknown 4 2 0 1 1 0 0 1 9
Total 76 59 56 23 20 6 13 3 256

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Table A3 Incidents of homicide by status at time of reporting and jurisdiction, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
Solveda 66 48 44 25 23 8 11 4 229
Not yet solved 11 3 2 5 3 0 0 0 24
Total 77 51 46 30 26 8 11 4 253
2009–10
Solveda 68 55 52 22 19 5 12 2 235
Not yet solved 8 4 4 1 2 1 1 1 22
Total 76 59 56 23 21 6 13 3 257

a: Solved incidents include those for which an offender has been identified and charged, those in which the offender has suicided and incidents otherwise cleared, such as subsequent death of the offender, the death having been ruled not homicide

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Table A4 Incidents of homicide by number of victims and offenders and jurisdiction, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
One victim, one offender 60 41 34 26 20 5 10 2 198
One victim, multiple offenders 9 7 8 1 3 3 1 0 32
Multiple victims, one offender 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 5
Multiple victims, multiple offenders 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 3
Totala 72 48 44 27 24 8 11 4 238
2009–10
One victim, one offender 52 46 50 15 17 3 10 1 194
One victim, multiple offenders 19 9 3 3 4 3 2 1 44
Multiple victims, one offender 3 3 3 4 0 0 0 1 14
Multiple victims, multiple offenders 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 3
Totala 75 59 56 22 21 6 13 3 255

a: Cases in which an offender has been identified. Excludes 12 cases in which an offender has not been identified or formally charged

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Table A5 Incidents of homicide occurring during the course of another crime by jurisdiction, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
Sexual assault 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2
Robbery 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 4
Other violent crimea 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Arson 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
Break and enter 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Theft 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
Drug offences 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
No precipitating crime 65 45 40 29 24 7 11 4 225
Unknown/not stated 5 5 2 0 1 0 0 0 13
Total 75 51 46 30 25 8 11 4 250
2009–10
Sexual assault 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2
Kidnapping/abduction 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Robbery 3 2 2 0 1 1 0 0 9
Other violent crimea 4 5 1 0 2 0 1 0 13
Arson 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 3
Break and enter 0 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 7
Theft 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 3
Drug offences 4 3 1 1 1 0 0 0 10
Other 2 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 5
No precipitating crime 45 37 46 15 11 2 10 1 167
Unknown/not stated 16 8 2 5 4 1 0 1 37
Total 76 59 56 23 21 6 13 3 257

a: Includes more than 1 victim

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Table A6 Temporal characteristics of homicides by jurisdiction, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
Time of day
Midnight to 6 am 17 16 14 7 9 3 1 3 70
6 am to noon 10 3 3 5 5 0 2 0 28
Noon to 6 pm 18 8 5 3 2 2 2 1 41
6 pm to midnight 21 19 22 10 5 3 3 2 85
Not stated/unknown 8 5 2 5 5 0 1 0 26
Day of week
Sunday 18 18 8 4 3 1 3 0 55
Monday 7 7 1 6 5 2 2 1 31
Tuesday 9 3 4 1 4 1 0 1 23
Wednesday 5 7 7 1 5 1 0 1 27
Thursday 11 4 5 4 4 1 3 0 32
Friday 12 5 7 6 2 0 1 1 34
Saturday 13 7 13 7 1 2 2 0 45
Not stated 2 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 6
Month of year
January 7 4 4 4 3 1 1 0 24
February 12 3 2 5 2 0 2 0 26
March 6 5 4 1 5 1 0 1 23
April 5 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 7
May 10 5 8 4 0 0 1 0 28
June 2 6 0 1 2 2 1 0 14
July 3 5 4 3 3 0 1 1 20
August 4 0 5 2 1 0 0 0 12
September 5 8 5 2 0 1 1 2 24
October 8 4 5 4 3 0 1 0 25
November 5 4 3 3 3 0 3 0 21
December 10 7 6 0 3 1 0 0 27
Not stated 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
2009–10
Time of day
Midnight to 6 am 9 14 19 3 9 2 3 1 60
6 am to noon 11 12 12 0 1 0 3 0 39
Noon to 6 pm 14 9 6 0 4 0 1 0 34
6 pm to midnight 33 22 16 3 5 3 6 2 90
Not stated/unknown 9 1 3 17 2 1 0 0 33
Day of week
Sunday 12 11 11 6 1 1 1 0 43
Monday 6 7 6 1 4 0 1 0 25
Tuesday 10 8 5 2 1 1 3 0 30
Wednesday 10 7 8 3 2 1 0 1 32
Thursday 7 7 9 2 2 0 2 0 29
Friday 17 5 4 3 5 1 4 0 39
Saturday 14 13 7 6 4 0 2 1 47
Not stated 0 1 6 0 2 2 1 0 12
Month of year
January 5 8 4 4 1 2 2 0 26
February 6 3 3 5 1 1 3 0 22
March 5 4 7 0 1 0 0 1 18
April 6 5 2 2 1 0 0 0 16
May 7 6 7 4 1 0 1 2 28
June 7 2 1 1 0 0 3 0 14
July 7 8 3 1 2 0 1 0 22
August 4 4 8 2 5 1 0 0 24
September 6 5 4 0 1 1 0 0 17
October 7 3 7 0 3 1 0 0 21
November 8 7 3 3 3 0 1 0 25
December 8 3 7 1 2 0 2 0 23
Not stated 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Table A7 Incidents of homicide by location, 2010–12 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2010–11
Residential 43 27 26 19 19 6 2 2 144
Street/open area 14 10 11 9 3 1 1 7 56
Other locationa 16 12 8 2 2 1 2 1 44
Unknown/not stated 4 2 1 0 1 0 0 0 8
2011–12
Residential 42 32 36 15 14 4 7 1 151
Street/open area 25 14 9 5 1 1 4 1 60
Other locationa 9 12 10 1 4 1 2 1 40
Unknown/not stated 0 1 1 2 2 0 0 0 6

a: Includes shops, shopping malls, bank/credit unions/post offices, car parks/public garages/service stations, workplaces, other commercial premises, public transport and related facilities, places of entertainment and corrective/health institutions

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Appendix B: Homicide victims, 2008–10

Table B1 Number of homicide victims per incident by jurisdiction, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
One victim 73 51 44 30 25 8 11 2 244
Two victims 4 0 2 0 1 0 0 2 9
Total incidents 77 51 46 30 26 8 11 4 253
Total victims 81 51 48 30 27 8 11 6 262
2009–10
One victim 72 55 53 19 21 6 12 2 240
Two victims 3 3 3 4 0 0 1 0 14
Three victims 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 2
Four or more victims 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Total incidents 76 59 56 23 21 6 13 3 257
Total victims 83 64 59 27 21 6 14 5 279

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Table B2 Homicide victims by year and jurisdiction, 1989–90 to 2009–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
1989–90 104 79 71 28 21 7 21 0 331
1990–91 134 77 59 23 25 5 28 0 351
1991–92 115 59 70 30 28 9 18 2 331
1992–93 125 62 79 39 30 7 17 1 360
1993–94 132 51 62 38 29 5 23 2 342
1994–95 95 79 61 47 31 5 20 4 342
1995–96 118 55 75 33 14 40 22 1 358
1996–97 108 56 81 24 24 6 18 2 319
1997–98 112 44 75 36 29 4 11 1 312
1998–99 117 56 68 35 38 7 18 2 341
1999–2000 113 63 75 44 26 9 7 3 340
2000–01 117 55 69 28 23 8 17 0 317
2001–02 111 86 79 35 33 10 24 3a 381
2002–03 109 69 70 32 22 6 18 3 329
2003–04 85 73 63 38 28 3 12 3 305
2004–05 81 55 55 29 20 11 12 3a 266
2005–06 89 73 60 33 22 3 16 5 301
2006–07 92 47 56 28 12 9 18 4 266
2007–08 98 44 57 30 18 5 18 3 273
2008–09 81 51 48 30 27 8 11 6 262
2009–10 83 64 59 27 21 6 14 5 279

a: Includes 1 victim on Norfolk Island

Source; AIC NHMP 1989–90 to 2009–10 [computer file]

Table B3 Homicide victims by sex and jurisdiction, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
Male
Number 58 37 32 20 19 7 5 4 182
Rate per 100,000 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.8 2.4 2.8 4.3 2.3 1.7
Female
Number 23 14 16 10 8 1 6 2 80
Rate per 100,000 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.4 5.5 1.1 0.7
2009–10
Male
Number 52 46 36 16 14 6 10 4 184
Rate per 100,000 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.7 2.4 8.4 5.6 1.7
Female
Number 31 18 23 11 7 0 4 1 95
Rate per 100,000 0.9 0.6 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.0 3.6 2.2 0.8

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Table B4 Homicide victims by age and jurisdiction, 2008–10
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
Male
Mean age 38.4 34.1 40.8 42.2 31.9 41.3 40.6 43 37.9
Median age 35 29 39 41.5 37 49 45 48 36
Female
Mean age 45.4 38.5 40.4 32.7 41 27 38.8 39 40.3
Median age 40 40 36.5 30.5 40.5 27 38.5 39 38
Persons
Mean age 40.3 35.3 40.6 39 34.6 39.5 39.8 41.7 38.6
Median age 37 30 38.5 36 39 40 41 45.5 36.5
2009–10
Male
Mean age 38.5 40.6 43.3 29.8 35.2 38 37.6 21.8 38.6
Median age 35 37.5 45.5 22 36.5 35.5 27 41.5 37
Female
Mean age 36.9 36.7 37.5 37.9 47.9 0 51 29 38.3
Median age 36 38.5 41 35 44 0 37 29 37.5
Persons
Mean age 37.9 39.5 41 33.1 39.4 38 40.7 23.2 38.5
Median age 35 38 42 26 39 35.5 39 28 37

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Table B5 Prior criminal history of homicide victims by sex and jurisdiction, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
Male
Prior criminal history 18 19 18 0 9 5 2 4 75
No prior history 16 11 12 1 9 1 3 0 53
Unknown/not stated 24 7 2 19 1 1 0 0 54
Female
Prior criminal history 1 2 5 0 1 0 2 1 12
No prior history 15 11 10 0 7 1 1 4 49
Unknown/not stated 7 1 1 10 0 0 0 0 19
Persons
Prior criminal history 19 21 23 0 10 5 4 5 87
No prior history 31 22 22 1 16 2 7 1 102
Unknown/not stated 31 8 3 29 1 1 0 0 73
2009–10
Male
Prior criminal history 5 20 18 1 8 3 6 2 63
No prior history 10 21 18 2 6 3 4 1 65
Unknown/not stated 37 5 0 13 0 0 0 1 56
Female
Prior criminal history 2 1 5 0 0 0 1 1 10
No prior history 11 16 18 2 7 0 3 0 57
Unknown/not stated 18 1 0 9 0 0 0 0 28
Persons
Prior criminal history 7 21 23 1 8 3 7 3 73
No prior history 21 37 36 4 13 3 7 1 122
Unknown/not stated 55 6 0 22 0 0 0 1 84

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Table B6 Employment status of homicide victims by sex and jurisdiction, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
Male
Employeda 28 18 16 5 5 4 2 5 83
Other 18 18 13 1 3 2 2 0 57
Unknown/not stated 12 1 3 14 11 1 0 0 42
Female
Employeda 11 7 8 0 2 1 5 1 35
Other 10 5 5 0 5 0 0 1 26
Unknown/not stated 2 2 3 10 1 0 1 0 19
Persons
Employeda 39 25 24 5 7 5 10 3 118
Other 28 23 18 1 8 2 0 3 83
Unknown/not stated 14 3 6 24 12 1 1 0 61
2009–10
Male
Employeda 14 22 17 3 7 3 3 2 71
Other 26 16 12 4 2 2 5 1 68
Unknown/not stated 12 8 7 9 5 1 2 1 45
Female
Employeda 16 6 11 5 4 0 4 1 47
Other 11 8 5 2 2 0 0 0 28
Unknown/not stated 4 4 7 4 1 0 0 0 20
Persons
Employeda 30 28 28 8 11 3 7 3 118
Other 37 24 17 6 4 2 5 1 96
Unknown/not stated 16 12 14 13 6 1 2 1 65

a: In full or part-time employment

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Table B7 Indigenous status of homicide victims by jurisdiction, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
Male
Indigenous 7 1 2 6 2 0 3 0 21
Non-Indigenous 44 35 30 14 17 7 2 4 153
Unknown/not stated 6 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 7
Female
Indigenous 1 0 4 5 0 0 6 0 16
Non-Indigenous 21 13 12 4 8 1 0 2 61
Unknown/not stated 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Persons
Indigenous 8 1 6 11 2 0 9 0 37
Non-Indigenous 65 48 42 18 25 8 2 6 214
Unknown/not stated 7 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 9
2009–10
Male
Indigenous 2 1 4 0 1 0 6 0 14
Non-Indigenous 47 40 32 14 13 5 4 4 159
Female
Indigenous 3 0 1 3 0 0 3 0 10
Non-Indigenous 25 18 22 6 7 0 1 1 80
Persons
Indigenous 5 1 5 3 1 0 9 0 24
Non-Indigenous 72 58 54 20 20 5 5 5 239
Unknown/not stated 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1

Source: ABS 2010, 2009; AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Table B8 Primary cause of death of homicide victims by sex and jurisdiction, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
Male
Gunshot 12 8 3 1 3 0 0 2 29
Stab wound 28 10 12 6 8 3 2 2 71
Beating 11 14 12 6 4 2 3 0 52
Strangulation/suffocation 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 3
Othera 4 2 2 0 3 0 0 0 11
Unknown/not stated 3 2 2 7 1 1 0 0 16
Female
Gunshot 2 0 1 1 3 0 0 0 7
Stab wound 9 5 7 2 2 0 1 2 28
Beating 4 3 3 1 1 0 5 0 17
Strangulation/suffocation 3 3 2 0 1 0 0 0 9
Othera 5 1 2 0 1 1 0 0 10
Unknown/not stated 0 2 1 6 0 0 0 0 9
Persons
Gunshot 14 8 4 2 6 0 0 2 36
Stab wound 37 15 19 8 10 3 3 4 99
Beating 15 17 15 7 5 2 8 0 69
Strangulation/suffocation 3 4 3 0 1 1 0 0 12
Othera 9 3 4 0 4 1 0 0 21
Unknown/not stated 3 4 3 13 1 1 0 0 25
2009–10
Male
Gunshot 12 8 3 0 1 1 0 2 27
Stab wound 16 20 12 8 7 4 6 0 73
Beating 16 12 17 1 1 1 2 0 50
Strangulation/suffocation 2 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 6
Othera 4 5 2 1 1 0 2 2 17
Unknown/not stated 2 1 0 6 2 0 0 0 11
Female
Gunshot 1 3 3 0 1 0 0 0 8
Stab wound 10 10 7 2 5 0 2 0 36
Beating 6 2 4 2 0 0 2 0 16
Strangulation/suffocation 5 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 10
Othera 8 1 4 2 1 0 0 1 17
Unknown/not stated 1 0 2 5 0 0 0 0 8
Persons
Gunshot 13 11 6 0 2 1 0 2 35
Stab wound 26 30 19 10 12 4 8 0 109
Beating 22 14 21 3 1 1 4 0 66
Strangulation/suffocation 7 2 5 0 2 0 0 0 16
Othera 12 6 6 3 2 0 2 3 34
Unknown/not stated 3 1 2 11 2 0 0 0 19

a: Includes drug overdose, drowning/submersion, neglect, smoke inhalation/burns, shaking, pushed from a high place and other cause of death

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Table B9 Motives of homicide offenders by victim, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
Revenge 7 5 3 2 1 1 0 0 19
Domestica 4 4 0 3 2 1 0 0 14
Money/drugs 12 8 6 1 2 1 1 1 32
Alcohol-related argument 3 5 9 1 2 0 2 0 22
Other argument 8 10 8 3 4 0 0 2 35
Other motiveb 10 10 16 5 10 2 6 0 59
No apparent motivec 10 3 2 1 1 2 2 2 23
2009–10
Revenge 2 2 2 0 1 0 0 0 7
Domestica 1 3 6 0 3 1 0 0 14
Money/drugs 7 11 7 2 3 1 0 0 31
Alcohol-related argument 11 2 7 0 2 0 1 0 23
Other argument 11 11 5 5 3 2 3 0 40
Other motiveb 13 14 13 5 3 0 6 1 55
No apparent motivec 17 10 9 3 3 0 0 3 45

a: Includes jealousy, desertion/termination

b: Includes racial vilification, sexual vilification, political/sexual gratification

c: Includes unknown, not stated

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Table B10 Alcohol and drug consumption of homicide victims by sex and jurisdiction, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
Male
Alcohol only 12 11 12 6 3 2 3 2 51
Drugs only 9 8 0 1 0 1 2 1 22
Alcohol and drugs 10 7 5 0 2 1 0 0 25
Unknown/not stated 27 11 15 13 14 3 0 1 84
Female
Alcohol only 3 0 3 0 0 1 6 1 14
Drugs only 2 3 0 0 1 0 0 0 6
Alcohol and drugs 2 0 1 2 0 0 0 1 6
Unknown/not stated 16 11 12 8 7 0 0 0 54
Persons
Alcohol only 15 11 15 6 3 3 9 3 65
Drugs only 11 11 0 1 1 1 2 1 28
Alcohol and drugs 12 7 6 2 2 1 0 1 31
Unknown/not stated 43 22 27 21 21 3 0 1 138
2009–10
Male
Alcohol only 14 14 14 1 4 3 8 0 58
Drugs only 4 5 1 1 0 0 2 0 13
Alcohol and drugs 6 2 3 1 2 1 0 0 15
Unknown/not stated 28 25 18 13 8 2 2 2 98
Female
Alcohol only 0 1 2 2 0 0 3 0 8
Drugs only 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 4
Alcohol and drugs 4 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 6
Unknown/not stated 26 16 19 8 7 0 1 0 77
Persons
Alcohol only 14 15 16 3 4 3 11 0 66
Drugs only 5 6 2 1 0 0 0 3 17
Alcohol and drugs 10 2 4 2 2 1 0 0 21
Unknown/not stated 54 41 37 21 15 2 3 2 175

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Appendix C: Offender characteristics from NHMP findings

Table C1 Number of offenders involved in homicide incident by jurisdiction, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
One offender 62 40 32 25 21 5 10 4 199
Two offenders 7 5 6 1 3 2 1 0 25
Three offenders 0 2 2 0 0 1 0 0 5
Four or more offenders 3 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 5
Total incidents 72 47 42 26 24 8 11 4 234
Total offenders 93 56 62 27 27 12 12 4 293
2009–10
One offender 55 49 53 19 17 3 10 2 208
Two offenders 6 4 0 1 1 1 1 1 15
Three offenders 4 1 2 2 1 1 0 0 11
Four or more offenders 3 4 0 0 1 0 2 0 10
Total incidents 68 58 55 22 20 5 13 3 244
Total offenders 92 77 59 27 28 8 23 4 318

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Table C2 Homicide offendersa by year and jurisdiction, 1989–90 to 2009–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
1989–90 112 76 79 24 22 6 20 0 339
1990–91 116 74 60 22 24 5 45 0 346
1991–92 103 48 73 29 25 12 18 2 310
1992–93 118 64 92 35 37 7 18 2 373
1993–94 142 52 75 43 34 6 28 2 382
1994–95 101 82 75 61 30 6 25 4 384
1995–96 120 52 75 34 20 7 22 3 333
1996–97 117 63 88 25 39 3 18 5 358
1997–98 122 40 75 34 26 3 15 2 317
1998–99 109 56 73 40 64 11 3 18 374
1999–2000 109 55 69 37 28 13 7 4 322
2000–01 119 61 65 32 25 10 25 0 337
2001–02 104 79 82 38 42 9 25 2b 381
2002–03 105 63 79 38 22 7 17 3 334
2003–04 89 76 67 37 40 5 18 2 334
2004–05 80 65 64 27 26 15 13 2c 292
2005–06 113 70 62 32 23 3 28 7 338
2006–07 103 52 59 28 18 8 22 4 294
2007–08 97 49 64 37 31 5 22 3 308
2008–09 93 56 62 27 27 12 12 4 293
2009–10 92 77 59 27 28 8 23 4 318

a: Known offenders

b: Includes 1 offender on Norfolk Island

c: Includes 1 offender on Norfolk Island

Source: AIC NHMP 1989–90 to 2009–10 [computer file]

Table C3 Homicide offenders by sex and jurisdiction, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WAa SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
Male
Number 84 53 58 24 23 11 11 2 266
Rate per 100,000 2.4 2.0 2.6 2.1 2.9 4.4 9.4 1.1 2.4
Female
Number 8 3 4 3 3 1 1 2 25
Rate per 100,000 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.9 1.1 0.2
2009–10
Male
Number 76 64 54 23 22 8 22 3 272
Rate per 100,000 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.0 2.7 3.2 18.5 1.7 2.5
Female
Number 16 13 5 4 6 0 1 1 46
Rate per 100,000 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.0 0.9 0.6 0.4

a: Excludes 1 offenders whose sex was not recorded

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–2010 [computer file]

Table C4 Homicide offenders by age and jurisdiction, 2008–10
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
Male
Mean age 33 32.3 30.1 34.3 38.3 28.2 35.9 27 32.6
Median age 27.5 30 28 32 38 23 35.5 27 29
Female
Mean age 39.1 46 31 42 32.3 37 0 26 36.7
Median age 41.5 51 29.5 42 35 37 0 26 37
Persons
Mean age 33.5 34 30.1 31.4 34.9 28.9 35.9 26.5 32.9
Median age 28 32.5 28 34 37 23.5 35.5 27 30
2009–10
Male
Mean age 32.7 34.5 34.3 30.2 30.5 25.6 31.5 28 32.7
Median age 28 30 30.5 28 29 24 25 24 29
Female
Mean age 40.9 35.6 38.8 37.8 40 0 31 37 38.3
Median age 35.5 33 38 37 41 0 31 37 38
Persons
Mean age 34 34.7 34.7 31.4 32.2 25.6 31.5 30.25 33.5
Median age 29 30 31 29.5 35 24 27.5 30.5 30

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Table C5 Prior criminal history of homicide offenders by sex and jurisdiction, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
Male
Prior criminal history 29 29 27 4 20 10 7 1 127
No prior history 16 18 27 0 3 1 4 1 70
Unknown/not stated 39 6 4 20 0 0 0 0 69
Female
Prior criminal history 4 1 2 0 1 1 1 2 12
No prior history 4 2 2 0 2 0 0 0 10
Unknown/not stated 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 3
Persons
Prior criminal history 34 30 29 4 21 11 8 3 140
No prior history 20 20 29 0 5 1 4 1 80
Unknown/not stated 39 6 4 23 1 0 0 0 73
2009–10
Male
Prior criminal history 13 36 37 1 17 8 16 3 131
No prior history 9 20 17 0 5 0 5 0 56
Unknown/not stated 54 8 0 22 0 0 1 0 85
Female
Prior criminal history 2 4 2 0 2 0 1 1 12
No prior history 0 6 3 1 4 0 0 0 14
Unknown/not stated 14 3 0 3 0 0 0 0 20
Persons
Prior criminal history 15 40 39 1 19 8 17 4 143
No prior history 9 26 20 1 9 0 5 0 70
Unknown/not stated 68 11 0 25 0 0 1 0 105

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Table C6 Employment status of homicide offenders by sex and jurisdiction, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
Male
Employeda 17 17 22 2 4 0 1 1 64
Other 33 32 27 3 15 11 9 1 131
Unknown/ not stated 33 4 7 17 2 0 1 0 64
Female
Employeda 2 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 5
Other 5 2 4 2 2 1 1 1 18
Unknown/not stated 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
Persons
Employeda 19 18 22 2 5 0 1 2 69
Other 39 34 31 5 17 12 10 2 150
Unknown/not stated 34 4 7 18 2 0 1 0 66
2009–10
Male
Employeda 17 25 19 1 7 3 6 1 79
Other 11 32 27 4 15 5 10 2 106
Unknown/not stated 47 5 7 18 0 0 6 0 83
Female
Employeda 1 4 1 0 1 0 0 1 8
Other 5 9 2 0 4 0 1 0 21
Unknown/not stated 10 0 1 4 1 0 0 0 16
Persons
Employeda 18 29 20 1 8 3 6 2 87
Other 16 41 29 4 19 5 11 2 127
Unknown/not stated 57 5 8 22 1 0 6 0 99

a: In full or part-time employment

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Table C7 Indigenous status of homicide offenders by sex and jurisdiction, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
Male
Indigenous 6 0 8 5 5 1 8 0 33
Non-Indigenous 78 53 50 19 18 10 3 2 233
Female
Indigenous 2 1 0 3 0 0 1 1 8
Non-Indigenous 6 2 4 0 3 1 0 1 17
Persons
Indigenous 8 1 8 8 5 1 9 1 41
Non-Indigenous 84 55 54 19 21 11 3 3 250
Unknown/not stated 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2
2009–10
Male
Indigenous 2 1 10 3 6 1 13 0 36
Non-Indigenous 74 63 44 20 16 7 9 3 236
Female
Indigenous 0 0 3 0 0 0 1 0 4
Non-Indigenous 16 13 2 4 6 0 0 1 42
Persons
Indigenous 2 1 13 3 6 1 14 0 40
Non-Indigenous 90 76 46 24 22 7 9 4 278

Source: ABS 2010, 2009; AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]

Table C8 Alcohol and drug consumption of homicide offenders by sex and jurisidiction, 2008–10 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2008–09
Male
Alcohol only 13 18 16 7 11 1 1 1 68
Drugs only 7 5 1 0 2 2 0 1 18
Alcohol and drugs 4 7 6 4 2 0 0 0 23
None 17 15 17 7 6 6 0 0 68
Unknown/not stated 43 8 18 6 2 2 0 0 79
Female
Alcohol only 1 1 1 2 0 0 1 1 7
Drugs only 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alcohol and drugs 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 4
None 4 2 1 1 2 0 0 0 10
Unknown/not stated 1 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 4
Persons
Alcohol only 14 19 17 9 11 1 8 2 81
Drugs only 7 5 1 0 2 2 1 1 19
Alcohol and drugs 6 7 6 4 2 7 1 1 34
None 21 17 18 8 8 2 1 0 75
Unknown/not stated 45 8 20 6 4 0 1 0 84
2009–10
Male
Alcohol only 14 25 16 3 6 4 16 2 86
Drugs only 7 3 3 0 2 0 0 0 15
Alcohol and drugs 2 4 5 2 0 3 2 0 18
None 5 15 19 1 1 1 1 0 43
Unknown/not stated 48 17 11 17 13 0 3 1 110
Female
Alcohol only 2 3 2 0 1 0 1 0 9
Drugs only 1 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 5
Alcohol and drugs 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
None 0 3 0 2 2 0 0 0 7
Unknown/not stated 13 5 2 2 1 0 0 1 24
Persons
Alcohol only 16 28 18 3 7 4 17 2 95
Drugs only 8 4 4 0 4 0 0 0 20
Alcohol and drugs 2 5 5 2 0 3 2 0 19
None 5 18 19 3 3 1 1 0 50
Unknown/not stated 61 22 13 19 14 0 3 2 134

Source: AIC NHMP 2008–10 [computer file]