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References

All URLs correct at June 2012

  • AAP & Davies L 2012. Post office smuggling case: ‘220 guns imported’. Sydney Morning Herald 14 March. http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/post-office-smuggling-case-220-guns-imported-20120314-1uz1j.html
  • Alpers P & Twyford C 2003. Small arms in the Pacific. Small Arms Survey Occasional Paper No. 8. http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/fileadmin/docs/B-Occasional-papers/SAS-OP08-Pacific.pdf
  • Australian Broadcasting Commission (ABC) 2012. Illegal guns smuggled through the post: police. ABC News Online 13 April. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-04-13/police-seize-illegal-guns-during-raid/3948070
  • Australian Broadcasting Commission (ABC) 2011. Guns are back. Background briefing. http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/backgroundbriefing/guns-are-back/3653154
  • Australian Broadcasting Commission (ABC) 2009. Bikie arrested over home-made machine guns. ABC News Online 12 December. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/12/11/2768920.htm
  • Australian Crime Commission (ACC) 2011. Organised crime in Australia. Canberra: ACC. http://www.crimecommission.gov.au/sites/default/files/files/OCA/2011/oca2011.pdf
  • Australian Crime Commission (ACC) 2009. Organised crime in Australia. Canberra: ACC. http://www.crimecommission.gov.au/sites/default/files/files/OCA/2009/2009_oca_complete.pdf
  • Australian Crime Commission (ACC) 2008. Organised crime in Australia. Canberra: ACC. http://www.crimecommission.gov.au/sites/default/files/files/OCA/2008/2008_oca_complete.pdf
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2011a. Annual report 2010–11. Canberra: ACBPS
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2011b. Two men charged for attempting to import firearms. Media release 12 July. http://customs.gov.au/site/mediarelease110712.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2009. Man arrested over illegal import of machine gun parts. Media release 19 June. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content11640.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2008a. Heavy fines for weapon import attempts. Media release 11 November. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content11021.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2008b. Customs keeps dangerous weapons off Adelaide streets. Media release 11 August. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content10703.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2008c. Customs seizes semi-automatic rifle. Media release 4 July. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content10576.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2008d. Customs arrests man over smuggled pistol parts. Media release 27 June. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content10538.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2008e. Handgun seized from cruiser, skipper arrested. Media release 20 May. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content10396.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2008f. Sydney man charged over pistol seizure. Media release 2 May. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content10332.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2007a. Handguns seized in joint operation. Media release 27 August. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content10332.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2007b. Hundreds of dangerous weapons seized in Adelaide suburbs. Media release 14 August. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content9246.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2007c. Guns seized by Customs at Brisbane airport. Media release 14 March. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content8686.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2006a. Importation of homemade shotgun costly. Media release 21 June. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content7245.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2006b. 50000 undeclared bullets triggers hefty fine. Media release 10 February. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content6733.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2006c. Customs bag smuggled firearm. Media release 3 February. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content6698.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2006d. Customs seizes semi-automatic gun parts destined for Melbourne. Media release 16 January. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content6635.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2005a. Deadly parcel leads to lethal armoury. Media release 21 October. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content6363.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2005b. Dangerous guns kept off Canberra streets. Media release 10 June. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content5663.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2005c. Customs warning about weapons smuggling. Media release 3 May. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content5518.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2004a. $10,000 fine for Torres Strait gun smuggler. Media release 14 September. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content4510.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2004b. Firearms seized in raids across Victoria. Media release 3 June. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content3989.asp
  • Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) 2003. BB guns found in container. Media release 19 December. http://www.customs.gov.au/site/content3899.asp
  • Bell K 2008. Five men to face Dubbo court on 80 firearm charges. Daily Liberal 30 May. http://www.dailyliberal.com.au/news/local/news/general/five-men-to-face-dubbo-court-on-80-firearms-charges/779987.aspx
  • Blumstein A 1995. Youth violence, guns, and the illicit-drug industry. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 86(1): 10–36
  • Borzycki M 2008. Armed robbery in Australia: 2005 National armed robbery monitoring program annual report. Research and public policy series no. 84. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. http://aic.gov.au/publications/current series/rpp/81-99/rpp84.aspx
  • Borzycki M & Mouzos J 2007. Firearms theft in Australia 2004–05. Research and public policy series no. 73. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. http://aic.gov.au/publications/current series/rpp/61-80/rpp73.aspx
  • Braga AA, Cook PJ, Kennedy DM & Moore MH 2002. The illegal supply of firearms, in Tonry M (ed) Crime and justice: A review of research. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press: 319–352
  • Bricknell S 2011. Firearm theft in Australia 2008–09. Monitoring report no. 08. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. http://aic.gov.au/publications/current series/mr/1-20/16.aspx
  • Bricknell S 2009. Firearm theft in Australia 2007–08. Monitoring report no. 08. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. http://aic.gov.au/publications/current series/mr/1-20/08.aspx
  • Bricknell S 2008a. Firearm theft in Australia 2006–07. Monitoring report no. 02. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/current series/mr/1-20/02.aspx
  • Bricknell S 2008b. Criminal use of handguns. Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice no. 361. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. http://aic.gov.au/publications/current series/tandi/361-380/tandi361.aspx
  • Bricknell S & Mouzos J 2007. Firearms theft in Australia 2005–06. Research and public policy series no. 82. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/current series/rpp/81-99/rpp82.aspx
  • Chan A & Payne J forthcoming. Homicide in Australia: 2008–2010. National Homicide Monitoring Program. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology
  • Cook PJ, Ludwig J, Venkatesh S & Braga AA 2006. Underground gun markets. NBER Working Paper no. 11737: 1–57
  • Davies M & Mouzos J 2008. Firearm legislative review. Unpublished report prepared for the Australian Government Attorney-General’s Department
  • Dearden J & Jones W 2008. Homicide in Australia: 2006–07 National Homicide Monitoring Program annual report. Monitoring report no. 1. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. http://aic.gov.au/publications/current series/mr/1-20/01.aspx
  • Earley D 2009. ‘Bikie’ weapons cache found at Archerfield. The Courier Mail 27 August. http://www.couriermail.com.au/news/bikie-weapons-cache-found-at-archerfield/story-e6freon6-1225766826231
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) 2010. Crime in the United States 2010. http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2010/crime-in-the-u.s.-2010
  • Hales G, Lewis C & Silverstone D 2006. Gun crime: The market in and use of illegal firearms. Home Office Research Study 298. London: Home Office. http://rds.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs06/hors298.pdf
  • Hughes G 2007. National taskforce to take on bikies. The Australian 29 January. http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/nation/national-taskforce-to-take-on-bikies/story-e6frg6nf-1111112904394
  • Kerlatec J 2007. Illegal firearm trafficking: A NSW perspective. Australian Police Journal December: 158–160
  • Kleck G & Wang S-YK 2009. The myth of big-time gun trafficking and the over-interpretation of gun tracing data. 56 UCLA Law Review: 1233–1294
  • Lizotte AJ, Krohn MD, Howell JC, Tobin K & Howard GJ 2000. Factors influencing gun carrying among young urban males over the adolescent-young adult life course. Criminology 38(3): 811–834
  • Mahoney TH 2011. Homicide in Canada, 2010. Juristat. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/85-002-x/2011001/article/11561-eng.pdf
  • Markowski S, Koorey S, Hall P & Brauer J 2009. Multi-channel supply chain for illicit small arms. Defence and Peace Economics 20(3): 171–191
  • Mouzos J 2002. Firearms theft in Australia. Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice no. 230. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/current series/tandi/221-240/tandi230.aspx
  • Mouzos J 1999. International traffic in small arms: an Australian perspective. Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice no. 104. Canbera: Australian Institute of Criminology. http://aic.gov.au/publications/current series/tandi/101-120/tandi104.aspx
  • Nankervis D 2012. 11,000 guns missing in South Australia. Adelaide Now 9 April. http://www.couriermail.com.au/ipad/guns-missing-in-south-australia/story-fn6ck4a4-1226321597663
  • Newbold G 1999. The criminal use of firearms in New Zealand. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology 32(1): 61–78
  • Nicholson B & Ziffer D 2004. Sub-machine guns found in weapons factory. The Age 23 July. http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2004/07/22/1090464799535.html
  • O’Brien N 2007. Rebel bikie linked to rocket launcher theft. The Australian 9 January. http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/nation/rebel-bikie-linked-to-rocket-launcher-theft/story-e6frg6nf-1111112801681
  • Pierce GL, Braga AA, Hyatt RR & Koper CS 2004. Characteristics and dynamics of illegal firearm markets: Implications for a supply-side enforcement strategy. Justice Quarterly 21(2): 391–422
  • Queensland Crime and Misconduct Commission (Qld CMC) 2004. Organised crime markets in Queensland: A strategic assessment. Crime Bulletin no. 6. Brisbane: Qld CMC
  • Robertson D 2011. Huge black market for illegal weapons. Adelaide Now 21 December. http://www.adelaidenow.com.au/news/south-australia/internal-rivalry-among-comancheros-led-to-gunfight-at-paesano-restaurant-police/story-e6frea83-1226226914996
  • Rule A 2009. The explosive black market. Sydney Morning Herald 8 August. http://www.smh.com.au/national/the-explosive-black-market-20090807-ecyy.html
  • Serious and Organised Crime Agency (SOCA) 2006. The United Kingdom threat assessment of serious organised crime 2006–07. London: SOCA
  • Smith K et al. 2010. Homicides, firearm offences and intimate violence 2008–09. Home Office Statistical Bulletin 01/10. http://rds.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs10/hosb0110.pdf
  • Smith L & Louis E 2010. Armed robbery in Australia: 2007 National armed robbery monitoring program annual report. Monitoring report no. 11. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. http://aic.gov.au/publications/current series/mr/1-20/11.aspx
  • Smith L & Louis E 2009. Armed robbery in Australia: 2006 National armed robbery monitoring program annual report. Monitoring report no. 4. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. http://aic.gov.au/publications/current series/mr/1-20/04.aspx
  • Smith L, Dossetor K & Borzycki M 2011. Armed robbery in Australia: 2008 National armed robbery monitoring program annual report. Monitoring report no. 15. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. http://aic.gov.au/publications/current series/mr/1-20/15.aspx
  • Spapens T 2007. Trafficking in illicit firearms for criminal purposes within the European Union. European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice 15(3–4): 359–381
  • Trembath B 2009. Sounds of summer: Blackmarket guns. The World Today 30 December. http://www.abc.net.au/worldtoday/content/2009/s2781993.htm
  • Trenwith C 2009. Gun traffickers sold weapons to undercover police: Court. Illawarra Mercury 8 October. http://www.illawarramercury.com.au/news/local/news/general/gun-traffickers-sold-weapons-to-undercover-police-court/1643746.aspx
  • United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) 2001. Protocol against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. http://www.ag.gov.au/Documents/UN%20Protocol%20against%20the%20Illicit%20Manufacturing%20of%20and%20Trafficking%20in%20Firearms.pdf
  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) 2010. The globalization of crime: A transnational organized crime threat assessment. New York: United Nations Publications. http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/tocta/TOCTA_Report_2010_low_res.pdf
  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) 2004. United Nations convention against transnational organized crime and the protocols thereto. Vienna: UNDOC. http://www.unodc.org/documents/treaties/UNTOC/Publications/TOC%20Convention/TOCebook-e.pdf
  • Williams S & Poynton S 2006. Firearms and violent crime in New South Wales, 1995–2005. Crime and justice bulletin no. 98. http://www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/lawlink/bocsar/ll_bocsar.nsf/vwFiles/cjb98.pdf/$file/cjb98.pdf
  • Wright J & Rossi PH 1994. Armed and considered dangerous: A survey of felons and their firearms, 2nd ed. New York: Aldine de Gruyter
  • Wright MA, Wintermute GJ & Webster DW 2010. Factors affecting a recently purchased handgun’s risk for use in crime under circumstances that suggest gun trafficking. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 87(3): 352–364