Australian Institute of Criminology

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Identity related economic crime : risks and countermeasures

Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice no. 129

Russell G. Smith
ISBN 0 642 24126 0 ISSN 0817-8542
Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology, September 1999


In the past, identity was more easily verifiable as people conducted most of their transactions in person. Since the development of electronic communications technologies this is not the case. The difficulty in establishing a person's identity with certainty is an advantage to criminals, as they are able to fabricate documents which may be used to misrepresent their identity, then commit a crime and ensure they cannot be located. This paper examines the nature of such deception and the innovative ways in which it is being addressed through the use of modern technologies.


Media release: Identity crime and fraud