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Appendix

Appendix A: Key performance areas and indicators for community night patrols

Performance area Key performance indicators
Resources/inputs Appropriate numbers, type, trained and retained community night patrol staff
Essential complementary safety and support services in place
Sound compliance history for auspicing body for community night patrol (if relevant)
Activities Clear and appropriate targeting of community Night Patrol Services
Core services delivered, being:
  • crime prevention actions by these patrols—numbers and types
  • incidents where assistance provided by these patrols—numbers and types of incidents
  • vulnerable individuals assisted by these patrols—numbers, demographics, type of assistance and proportion receiving repeat assistance by patrols
Immediate outcomes Community engagement and feedback processes with community night patrols in place
Community knowledge of community safety progress, issues and solutions captured and appropriately reported by such patrols
MOU between local police and community night patrols (and also safety house if relevent) in place and working well
Referral processes to and from other local services in place and working well
Intermediate outcomes Examples of target community taking greater responsibility and inputting into solutions for improved community safety as a result of community night patrol activities
Examples of safety and support services in target areas improving as a result of the activities of patrols
Reduction in demand for repeat assistance to individuals by community night patrols, through appropriate supported referrals and other support for these individuals and proactive strategies to prevent or minimise harm from recurring risky incidents
Contribution to long-term outcomes Community night patrol monitors assessments of progress in achieving improved community safety and describes resulting actions taken by these patrols for their target community
Community night patrol monitors assessments of outcomes for individuals/groups and risky incidents that are repeatedly serviced by patrols in target communities and describes resulting actions by the patrol

Appendix B: Generic program reporting guide for community night patrols

Indicator Example of information/data reported
Resources/inputs

1. Appropriate numbers, type and trained staff

2. Good retention of staff

Total numbers of:

  • staff/volunteers

Of these numbers, proportion who are

  • Indigenous/non-Indigenous
  • men/women
  • full-time/part-time

Proportion of staff who have been with the community night patrol for one year or more (or other retention measure)

Proportion of staff who are police checked/checked for working with children (or other relevant mandatory checks)

Proportion of staff who have:

  • first aid certificate
  • completed personal safety training
  • police check
  • other relevant certification

3 . Essential complementary safety and support services in target communities

Tick option/s from a menu of available safety and support services, and include an option of ‘other—please name’ eg tick permanent police presence (if there is one); sobering up shelter (if there is one); and under ‘other’ a patrol might include a conflict resolution service (if there is one and the community night patrol uses it).

—available

—not available

Tick option/s from a pull down menu of available safety and support services that are required but not available, and include an option of ‘other—please name’ eg permanent police presence (if not available)

Patrol services/activities

4. Clear and appropriate targeting of community Night Patrol Services

Tick option/s from a menu of every targeted community, and include an option of ‘other—please name’ eg community night patrol supported a football match outside the targeted communities in Darwin since a team from this community attended’

5. Appropriate targeting of risky incidents and times

Tick option/s from a menu of main incident types, and include an option of ‘other—please detail’ eg family violence, intoxication, cultural dispute

6. Appropriate targeting of vulnerable groups/individuals

Tick option/s from a menu of main risk groups/individuals, and include an option of ‘other—please detail’ eg children not attending school, young people already involved with justice system, victims of family or other violence

7. Operating hours are appropriate

Number of days per week the community night patrol operated

Number of hours that the community night patrol operated each day:

  • Monday
  • Tuesday
  • Wednesday
  • Thursday
  • Friday
  • Saturday
  • Sunday

Average total operating hours per week for the period (eg five nights of 10 hours, each week, so 50 hours/week).

Usual operational times: Day or night or both

8. Responsiveness to need for unusual operating hours

Describe (eg during the period a football competition was held outside the usual operating hours of the community night patrol so the patrol changed its usual operating hours to target this event)

9. Staffing levels are appropriate and staff are safe

Number of night patrollers on duty for each day of the week (a minimum of 2 are on duty at same time):

  • Monday eg two
  • Tuesday
  • Wednesday
  • Thursday
  • Friday
  • Saturday eg six
  • Sunday

describe how staff are kept safe. number of safety incidents eg injuries, accidents or other relevant

Immediate outcomes

10. Crime prevention actions are undertaken

From a menu of options for main types of prevention action; insert numbers of crime prevention actions (eg community safety planning—3; ‘movie nights—5; other—meeting about new diversion program—1’)

11. Assistance with incidents

Types of incidents

From a menu of options for main types of assistance of incidents; insert numbers of assistances provided for incidents (eg family violence—23; ‘other—argument at police station—1’)

12. Assistance to individual persons

Number of individual persons assisted

For persons assisted, what was the proportion who were assisted due to: being harmed/causing harm/both/other (if the data system is limited, provide an estimate for the period)

13. Demographics of persons assisted is consistent with targeting

Number and age of females/males/intersex (ie transgender) eg 0 to 12 years, 13 to 17 years, 18 to 25 years, 26 to 44 years, 45 years and over

14. Referrals of persons/incidents to other services by Patrols are effective and appropriate

15. Transportation of persons is necessary and relevant to core services to Patrols is effective and appropriate

Types of services/facilities from night patrols refer clients to referrals by Patrols

From a menu of options for main types of referrals by the Patrol, insert numbers of persons referred to services/facilities (eg police—10; medical facility—2; private home—8, ‘other—another community—6)

Describe main problems for effective referrals to these services and possible solutions

Describe how the community night patrol ensures that transportation is only available when necessary (eg this patrol has a policy and staff use it, and it says that unless there is a community safety risk, transportation is not provided to persons by this patrol)

16. Receiving referrals of persons/incidents from other services

Types of services referring to night patrols

From a menu of options for main types of referrals to Patrols, insert numbers of persons/incidents referred from these services (eg police—10; medical facility—2)

Describe main problems for Patrols to effectively receive referrals from these services and possible solutions (eg large numbers, inappropriate referrals)

17. Community engagement and feedback processes in place

Describe (eg the community night patrol is on the local community safety planning committee, with community and shire members, it meets every 3 months and recently led to better street lighting)

18. MOU or similar between community night patrol and local police in place

Describe (eg the MOU has been in place since 2011, between police, safe house and community night patrol, and parties meets every week to coordinate services and recently jointly agreed to have a special focus on young people while the holidays are on)

Is the community night patrol doing work that police should be doing, eg crisis interventions—yes/no

How can this be resolved? Describe (eg permanent police presence is not adequate for peak times and should be improved, core services of this patrol is difficult to implement due to community expectations that the patrol are community police, so community education is being done)

19. Community knowledge on community safety is harnessed and used

Do the target communities overall appear to regard community safety as:

  • Better
  • Same
  • Worse
  • Unable to say

Describe what is the main reason for the view (eg alcohol supply has increased due to local event)

Intermediate outcomes

20. Reduce repeat assistance to individuals by community night patrols

Percentage of people assisted by the community night patrol in the period who have been provided with the assistance of this patrol at least once before (eg 50 percent (estimate may be required))

Main factor/s leading to repeat services for individuals. Tick an option from a menu of main factors, include ‘other—detail’ (eg alcohol abuse, accommodation, ‘other—cultural dispute’)

Describe how the community night patrol is assisting to overcome the factor(s) most relevant to individuals repeatedly being assisted by this patrol (eg in this period 10 individuals repeatedly being assisted by the community night patrol have been referred to the xy service, with follow up by this patrol to support their ongoing participation in this program)

Contribution to long-term outcomes

21. Patrol monitors assessments of progress in achieving improved community safety and describes resulting actions by the community night patrol

Describe outcomes of assessments and any actions the community night patrol has or intends to take (eg a recent survey of community safety was conducted and this patrol outlines how it will respond to findings relevant to its role)

22. Community night patrol monitors assessments of outcomes for vulnerable groups and individuals in target communities and describes resulting actions by the respective patrol

Similar to above, describe outcomes of assessments and any actions the community night patrol has or intends to take (eg a recent coronial enquiry on youth suicide made a recommendation that certain locations be more closely monitored by the patrol in question and the patrol outlines how it will respond)