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Working girls : prostitutes, their life and social control


A List of Selected Readings on Prostitutes and Prostitution


  • Adler, P. 1953, A House Is Not A Home, Rinehart, New York.
  • Anonymous 1959, Streetwalker, Bodley Head, London.
  • Barnes, R. (Madam Sherry) & TRALINS, S. R. 1963, Pleasure Was My Business, Paperback Library, New York.
  • Barrows, S. & Novak, W. 1986, The Mayflower Madam, Arbor, New York.
  • Beck, R. (Iceberg Slim) 1969, Pimp: The Story of My Life, Holloway, Los Angeles.
  • Cleland, J. (ed.) 1963, Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure, Putnam, New York.
  • Cordelier, J. & Mathews, S.H. 1978, The Life: Memoirs of a French Hooker, Viking, New York.
  • Cousins, S. 1938, To Beg I Am Ashamed, Vanguard, New York.
  • Erwin, C. & Miller F. 1960, The Orderly Disorderly House, Doubleday, New York.
  • French, D. & Lee, L. 1989, Working: My Life As A Prostitute, Gollancz, London.
  • Hollander, X., Moore, R. & Dunleavy, Y. 1972, The Happy Hooker, Dell, New York.
  • Longstreet, S. (ed.) 1970, Nell Kimball: Her Life As An American Madam, Macmillan, New York.
  • Madeleine 1919, Madeleine: An Autobiography, Harper Bros., New York, (reprinted: Persea, New York, 1986).
  • Mitsuko, I. 1969, Honolulu Madam, Holloway, Los Angeles.
  • O.W. (Marjorie Smith) 1930, No Bed Of Roses, Macaulay, New York.
  • O.W. (Marjorie Smith) 1931, God Have Mercy On Me, Sheridan, New York.
  • O.W. (Marjorie Smith) 1949, With My Eyes Wide Open, Sheriden, New York.
  • Randall, T. 1969, Hooker, Award, New York.
  • Reitman, B. L. 1937, Sister of the Road: The Autobiography of Box Car Bertha, Sheridan, New York.
  • Stanford, S. 1966, The Lady Of The House, Putnam, New York.
  • Tabor, P. 1973, Pauline's: Memoirs of a Madam On Clay Street, Fawcett Crest, New York.
  • Washburn, C. 1934, Come Into My Parlor, Knickerbocker, New York.
  • Wolsey, S. 1963, Call House Madam, Paperback Library, New York.

Studies in anthropology

  • Burley, N. & Symanski, R. 1981, 'Women Without: An Evolutionary and Cross Cultural Perspective on Prostitution' in R. Symanski: The Immoral Landscape, Butterworths, Toronto.
  • Cnaan, R. A. 1982, 'Notes on Prostitution in Israel', Sociological Inquiry vol. 52, no. 2, p. 115ff, Spring.
  • Cohen, Y. 1958, 'The Sociology of Commercialized Prostitution in Okinawa', Social Forces, vol. 37, p. 160ff, Dec.
  • Debecker, J. E. 1971, The Nightless City, or the History of the Yoshiwara Yukwaku, Chaves Tuttler, Vermont.
  • Gallo, M. T. de & Alzate, H. 1976, 'Brothel Prostitution in Colombia', Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol. 5, p. 1ff.
  • Harris, S. 1962, House of Ten Thousand Pleasures: A Modern Study of the Geisha and the Streetwalker of Japan, Allen, London.
  • Kalm, F. 1985, 'The Two "Faces" of Antillean Prostitution', Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol. 14, no. 3, p. 203ff.
  • Khalaf, S. 1965, Prostitution in a Changing Society: A Sociological Survey of Legal Prostitution in Beirut, Khayatas, Beirut.
  • Mathur, A. S. & Gupta, B. L. 1965, Prostitutes and Prostitution (India), Ram Prosad, Agra.
  • Roebuck, J. & McNamara, P. 1979, 'Ficheros and Freelancers: Prostitution in a Mexican Border City', Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol. 2, no. 3, p. 231ff.
  • Thitsa, K. 1980, Providence and Prostitution (Thailand), Change International Reports, London.

Studies in history


  • Bullough, V. L. 1964, The History of Prostitution, University Books, New York.
  • Bullough, V. L. & B. 1967, Women and Prostitution: A Social History, Prometheus, Buffalo.
  • Croix, P. la (trans: S. Putnam) 1931, History of Prostitution Among All the Peoples of the World, From the Most Remote Antiquity to the Present, 3 Vols, Covici-Friele, New York.
  • Sanger, W. 1858-1937, The History of Prostitution, Eugenics, New York.
  • Scott, G. R. 1954, A History of Prostitution, From Antiquity to the Present Day, Medical Press, New York.
  • Simons, G. L. 1975, A Place of Pleasure: The History of the Brothel, Harwood-Smarth, Lewes, Sussex.
  • Wells, J. 1982, A Herstory of Prostitution in Western Europe, Shameless Hussy, Berkeley CA.

Ancient times

  • Henriques, F. 1962, Prostitution and Society, Vol I: Primitive, Classical and Oriental, Grove, New York.

Middle ages and early modern times

  • Brundage, J. A. 1976, 'Prostitution in the Medieval Canon Law', Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 1, no. 4, p. 825ff, Summer.
  • Bullough, V. L. 1982, 'The Prostitute in the Early Middle Ages' in V. L. Bullough & J. Brundage (eds), Sexual Practices and the Medieval Church, Prometheus Buffalo.
  • Henriques, F. 1963, Prostitution and Society, Vol II: Europe and the New World, MacGibbon & Kee, London.
  • Otis, L. L. 1985, Prostitution in Medieval Society: The History of an Urban Institution in Languedoc, University of Chicago, Chicago.
  • Perry, M. E. 1985, 'Deviant Insiders: Legalized Prostitution and a Consciousness of Woman in Early Modem Seville', Comparative Studies in Society and History, vol. 27, no. 1, p. 138ff, Jan.

Nineteenth century

  • Barnardt, J. B. 1986, The Fair But Frail: Prostitution in San Francisco 1849-1900, University of Nevada, Reno.
  • Best, J. 1982, 'Careers in Brothel Prostitution: St. Paul, 1865-1883', Journal of Interdisciplinary History, vol. 12, no. 4, p. 597ff, Spring.
  • Cheng Hirata, L. 1979, 'Free, Indentured, Enslaved: Chinese Prostitutes in Nineteenth Century America', Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 5, no. 1, p. 3ff, Autumn.
  • Daniels, K. (ed.) 1984, So Much Hard Work: Women and Prostitution in Australian History, Fontana, Sydney.
  • Finnegan, F. 1979, Poverty and Prostitution: A Study of Victorian Prostitution in York, Cambridge University, Cambridge.
  • Goldman, M. 1972, 'Prostitution and Virtue in Nevada', Society vol. 10, p. 32ff, Nov./Dec.
  • Post, J. B. 1978, 'A Foreign Office Survey of Venereal Disease and Prostitution Control, 1865-1870', Medical History, vol. 22, p. 327ff.
  • Sigsworth, E. M. & WYKE, T. J. 1973, 'A Study of Victorian Prostitution and Venereal Disease' in M. Vicinus (ed): Suffer and Be Still, Indiana University, Bloomington.
  • Storch, R. D. 1977, 'Police Control of Street Prostitution in Victorian London' in Police and Society, ed. D.H. Bailey, Sage, Beverly Hills CA.
  • Walkowitz, J. R. 1980, Prostitution in Victorian Society Women, Class and the State, Cambridge University, Cambridge.
  • Walkowitz, J. R. 1982, 'Male Vice and Feminist Virtue: Feminism and the Politics of Prostitution in Nineteenth Century Britain', History Workshop Journal, vol. 13, p. 79ff, Spring.
  • Walkowitz, J. R. & D. J. 1974, "'We Are Not Beasts of the Field": Prostitution and the Poor in Plymouth and Southampton Under the Contagious Diseases Acts' in Cleo's Consciousness Raised: New Perspectives on the History of Women, eds. M. Hartmann & L. Banner, Harper Torchbooks, New York.

Early twentieth century

  • Bullough, V. L. 1970, 'History of Prostitution in United States', Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, vol. 4. no. 9ff, Sept.
  • Dillon, J. 1912, From Dance Hall To White Slavery, C.C. Thompson, Chicago.
  • Flexner, A. 1914, Prostitution in Europe, Patterson-Smith, Montclair NJ.
  • Golder, H. & ALLEN, J. 1979, 'Prostitution in New South Wales, 1870-1932: Restructuring an Industry', Refractory Girl, vols. 18/ 19, p. 17ff, Dec.
  • Henriques, F. 1969, Prostitution and Society , Vol III: Modern Sexuality, Panther, London.
  • Kaplan, M. 1982, 'Prostitution, Morality Crusades and Feminism: German-Jewish Feminists and the Campaign Against White Slavery' Women's Studies in Forum, vol. 5, no. 6, p. 619ff.
  • Lubove, R. 1962, "The Progressives and the Prostitute", The Historian, vol. 24, no. 3, p. 308ff, May.
  • Murnane, M. & DANIELS, K. 1979, 'Prostitutes as Purveyors of Disease: Venereal Disease Legislation in Tasmania, 1868-1945', Hectate, vol. 5, no. 1, p. 21ff.
  • Pivar, D. J. 198 1, 'The Military, Prostitution and Colonial Peoples: India and the Philippines, 1885-1917', The Journal of Sex Research, vol. 17, no. 3, p. 256ff, Aug.
  • Rosen, R. 1982, The Lost Sisterhood; Prostitution in America, 1900-18, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore.
  • Rotenberg, L. 1974, 'The Wayward Worker: Toronto's Prostitute at the Turn of the Century' in Women At Work: Ontario 1850-1930, eds. J. Action et al., Canadian Women's Educational Press Toronto.
  • Woolston, H. 192 1, Prostitution in the United States, Patterson-Smith, Montclair NJ.

Geographical history

  • Shumsky, N. L. & Springer, L. M. 1981, 'San Francisco's Zone of Prostitution, 1880-1934', Journal of Historical Geography, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 71ff.
  • Symanski, R. 1981, The Immoral landscape, Butterworths, Toronto.

Descriptive accounts

  • Coleman, K. 1973, 'Carnal Knowledge: A Portrait of Four Hookers' in G. Csicsery (ed.), The Sex Industry, New American Lib., New York.
  • Demaris, O. 1974, Dirty Business, Harper & Row, New York.
  • Fry, M. 1959, Sex, Vice and Business, Ballantine, New York.
  • Gray, J. 1971, Red Lights on the Prairies, New American Lib., New York.
  • Hall, S. 1972, Gentlemen of Leisure, New American Lib., New York.
  • Hall, S. 1974, Ladies of the Night, Pocket, New York.
  • James, J. 1975, 'Answers to the 20 Questions Most Frequently Asked About Prostitution' in The Politics of Prostitution, J. James et al. Social Research Assoc., Seattle.
  • Johnson, F. 1975, 'Ten Years on the Street', Chicago, July.
  • Kneeland, G. 1917, Commercialized Prostitution in New York City, Patterson-Smith, Monclair NJ.
  • Lane, B. (ed.) 1973, Housewife Hookers, Ace, New York.
  • Miller, H. 1973, Whores, Streets and Cathouses, Academy, Resada CA.
  • Milner, C. & R. 1973, Black Players: The Secret World of Black Pimps, Bantam, New York.
  • Reisig, R. 1972, 'Myths About Prostitution: Reporter's Reply', Village Voice, 13 Jan.
  • Ryan, M. 1839, Prostitution in London, With a Comparative View, of That of Paris and New York, Bailliere, London.
  • Sandford, J. 1975, Prostitutes: Portraits of People in the Sexploitation Business, Seeker & Warburg, London.
  • Sheehy, G. 1973, Hustling: Prostitution in Our Wide Open Society, Delacorte, New York.
  • Sills, J. 1973, Massage Parlor I, Ace, New York.
  • Sills, J. 1973, Massage Parlor II, Ace, New York.
  • Terkel, S. 1974, Working, Pantheon, New York.
  • Vogliotti, G. 1975, The Girls of Nevada, Citadel, Secaucus NJ.
  • Winn, D. 1974, Prostitutes, Hutchinson, London.
  • Winston, B. 1974, Society Hookers, Zebra, New York.
  • Winter, M. 1976, Prostitution in Australia, Purtaboi, Sydney.

Health studies

  • Bess, B. 1976, 'Pelvic Vasocongestion in Prostitutes', Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, Jan.
  • Cave, V. 1975, 'No Obligation to Report Patient Who is a Prostitute', Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, Aug.
  • Centres for Disease Control 1987, 'Antibody to Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Female Prostitutes', Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 36, no. 11, p. 158ff, 27 Mar.
  • Cohen, J., Alexander, P. & Wofsy, C. 1988, 'Prostitution and AIDS: Public Policy Issues', AIDS and Public Policy Journal, vol. 3, p. 16ff.
  • Conrad, G. I., Kleris, G. S. & Rush, E. 198 1, 'Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Prostitutes and Other Sexual Offenders', Sexually Transmitted Diseases 8:241ff.
  • Darrow, W. W. 1984, 'Prostitution and Sexually Transmitted Diseases' in Sexually Transmitted Diseases, eds K. K. Holmes et al. McGraw Hill, New York.
  • Donovan, B. 1984, 'Gonorrhoea in a Sydney House of Prostitution' and 'Medico-Social Aspects of a House of Prostitution', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 140, p. 268ff.
  • Frosner, G. G., Buchholz, H. M. & Gerth, H. J. 1975, 'Prevalence of Hepatitis B Antibody in Prostitutes'. American Journal of Epidemiology vol. 102, p. 241ff.
  • Hoop, D. de, Anker, W. J. J., Strik, R. van, Masurel, N. & Stolz, E. 1984, 'Hepatitis B Antibody in the Blood of Prostitutes Visiting an Outpatient Venereology Department in Rotterdam', British Journal of Venereology Diseases, vol. 60, p. 319ff.
  • Levay, A. 1973, 'Prostitutes and Impotence', Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, June.
  • Oleru, U. G. 1980, 'Prostitution in Largos: A Socio-Medical Study', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 34, p. 312ff.
  • Philpot, C. R., Harcourt, C., Edwards, J., Grealis, A. 1988, 'Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Female Prostitutes, Sydney 1985', Genitourinary Medicine, vol. 64, p. 193ff.
  • Potteratt, J. J., Rothenberg, R., Bross, D. C. 1979, 'Gonorrhoea in Street Prostitutes', Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 6, p. 58ff.
  • Turner, E. B. & Morton, R. S. 1976, 'Prostitution in Sheffield', British Journal of Venereal Disease, vol. 52, p. 197ff.

Legal studies

  • Alexander, P. 1989, 'Prostitution and the Law: A Feminist Issue', Coyote Howls, vol. 16, no. 2, May.
  • Bryant, M. A. 1972, 'Prostitution and the Criminal Justice System', Journal of police Science and Administration, vol. 5, no. 4, p. 379ff.
  • Burnstin, J. & James, J. 1971, 'Prostitution in Seattle', Washington Bar News 6 , Aug./Sept.
  • Decker, J. F. 1979, Prostitution: Regulation and Control, Rothman, Littleton Co.
  • Dworkin, R. 1965-66, 'Lord Devlin and the Enforcement of Morals' Yale Law Journal, vol. 75, p. 986ff.
  • George, B. 1962, 'Legal, Medical and Psychiatric Considerations in the Control of Prostitution', Michigan Law Review, vol. 60, p. 717ff.
  • George, B. 1965, 'Prostitution' in Sexual Behavior and the Law, ed. R. Slovenko, C.C. Thomas, Springfield, 111.
  • Haft, M. G. 1974, 'Hustling for Rights', Civil Liberties Review, Winter/Spring.
  • Haft, M. G. 1975, 'Call Off Your Old Tired Ethics: An Overview of the Drive to Decriminalize Prostitution', Barrister, Spring.
  • Halleck, C., George, B., Barrett, W. Popenoe, P., Slovenko, R. & Sherwin, R. 1974, 'Should Prostitution Be Legalized?', Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, April.
  • Kaplan, J. 1977, 'The Edward G. Donley Memorial Lecture on Non-Victim Crime and the Regulation of Prostitution', West Virginia Law Review, vol. 79, no. 4, p. 593ff.
  • Macmillan, J. 1976, 'Rape and Prostitution', Victimology, vol. 1, p. 3ff, Fall.
  • Milman, B. 1980, 'New Rules for the Oldest Profession: Should We Change Our Prostitution Laws?', Harvard Women's Law Journal, vol. 3, p. lff, Spring.
  • Pearl, J. 1987, 'The Highest Paying Customers: America's Cities and the Costs of Prostitution Control', Hastings Law Journal, vol. 38, no. 4,p. 769ff, Apr.
  • Richards, D. A. J. 1979, 'Commercial Sex and the Right of the Person: A Moral Argument for the Decrimninalization of Prostitution', University of Pennsylvania Law Review, vol. 127, p. 5ff.
  • Rosenbleet, C. & B. 1973, 'The Prostitution of the Criminal Law', American Criminal Law Review, vol. 11, p. 373 ff.
  • Sion, A. 1977, Prostitution and the Law, Faber & Faber, London.
  • Yondorf, B. 1979, 'Prostitution as a Legal Activity: The West German Experience', Policy Analysis, vol. 5, p. 417ff.

Studies in psychology

  • Bess, B. & Janus, S. 1974, 'Why Prostitutes Retire From "The Life"', Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, Nov.
  • Bess, B. & Janus, S. 1975, 'Masochism of Prostitutes', Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, Feb.
  • Choisy, M. 1960, A Month Among the Girls, Pyramid, New York.
  • Exner, J. E., Wylie, J., Leura, A. & Parrill, T. 1977,'Some Psychological Characteristics of Prostitutes', Journal of Personality Assessment, vol. 41, no. 5, p. 474ff.
  • Gebhard, P., Gagnon, J., Pomeroy, W., Cornelia, C. 1965, Sex Offenders, Harper & Row, New York.
  • Gibbens, T. C. N. 1971, 'Female Offenders', British Journal of Hospital Medicine, Sep.
  • Glover, E. 1953, The Abnormality of Prostitution in Women, ed. A. Krich, Dell, New York.
  • Greenwald, H. 1970, The Elegant Prostitute, Walker, New York.
  • Maerov, A. 1965, 'Prostitution: A Survey and Review of 20 Cases', Psychiatric Quarterly, vol. 39, p. 675ff.
  • Pomeroy, W. B. 1965, 'Some Aspects of Prostitution', Journal of Sex Research, Nov.
  • Sprague, W. D. 1972, The Sensuous Hooker, Lancer, New York.
  • Stein, M. 1974, Lovers, Friends, Slaves... The Nine Male Sexual Types: Their Psycho-Sexual Transactions With Call Girls, Berkley, New York.
  • Winick, C. 1962, 'Prostitutes Clients' Perception of the Prostitutes and Themselves', International Journal of Social Psychology, vol. 8, p. 2889ff.
  • Winick, C. 197 3, 'Are Prostitutes Sociopaths?', Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, Sept.
  • Winick, C. & Kinsie, P. 1971, The Lively Commerce: Prostitution in the United States, Quadrangle, Chicago.
  • Winick, C. & Kinsie, P. 1972, 'Prostitute', Psychology Today, Feb.
  • Wright, C. 1972, 'Prostitutes, Pimps and the Psychological Rap', Village Voice, 27 Jan.

Social issues

Clients and pimps

  • James, J. 1973, 'Prostitute-Pimp Relationships', Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, Nov.
  • James, J. 1977, 'Why Married Men See Prostitutes', Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, June.
  • Mancini, J. 1963, Prostitutes and Their Parasites, Elek, London.
  • Polatin, P., Basel, A., Liswood, R., Bullough, V. L., Mathius, J., Cave, V., & Schimel, J. 1970, 'Why do Married Men Visit Prostitutes?', Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality , July.
  • Schulz, D. 1973, Pimp, New American Lib., New York.
  • Velarde, A. 1975, 'Married Men Who Frequent Prostitutes', Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, Mar.


  • Datesman, S. K. & Inciardi, J. A. 1979, 'Female Heroin Use, Criminality and Prostitution', Contemporary Drug Problems, vol. 8, no. 4, p. 455ff.
  • Goldman, P. J. 1979, Prostitution and Drugs, Lexington Books, Lexington MA.
  • Philpot, C. R., Harcourt, C. L. & Edwards, J. M. 1989, 'Drug Use By Prostitutes in Sydney', British Journal of Addiction, vol. 84, p. 499ff.
  • Reiman, J. H. 1979, 'Prostitution, Addiction and the Ideology of Liberalism', Contemporary Crisis, vol. 3, p. 53ff.
  • Silbert, M. H., Pines, A. M. & Lynch, T. 1982, 'Substance Abuse and Prostitution', Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, vol. 14, no.3,p.193ff.


  • James, J. & Meyerding, J. 1977, 'Early Sexual Experiences as a Factor in Prostitution', Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 31ff.
  • Lindsay, M. 1970, 'Prostitution-Delinquency's Time Bomb', Crime and Delinquency, vol. 16, p. 151ff.
  • Sereny, G. 1984, The Invisible Children, Andre Deutsch, London.
  • Shoemaker, D. J. 1977, 'The Teeniest Trollops: "Baby Pros", "Chickens" and Child Prostitution' in Sexual Deviancy in Social Context, ed. C. D. Bryant, New Viewpoints, New York.
  • Silbert, M. H. & Pines, A. M. 1982, 'Entrance Into Prostitution', Youth and Society, vol. 13, no. 4, p. 471ff.
  • Vitaliano, P.P., Boyer, D. & James, J. 198 1, 'Perceptions of Juvenile Experiences - Females Involved in Prostitution Vs Property Offenders', Criminal Justice and Behavior, vol. 8, no. 3, p. 325ff.

STD prevention

  • Harcourt, C., Philpot, R. & Edwards, J. 1989, 'The Effects of Condom Use By Clients On the Incidence of STDs in Female Prostitutes', Venereology, vol. 2, no. 1, p. 4ff, Feb.


  • O'Gallaghan, S. 1965, The White Slave Trade, Hate, London.
  • United Nations Dept. of Economic and Social Affairs 1959, Study On the Traffic in Persons and Prostitution, United Nations, New York.

Studies in sociology


  • Benjamin, H. & Masters, R. E. L. 1964, Prostitution and Morality: A Report on the Prostitute in Contemporary Society and an Analysis of the Causes and Effects of the Suppression of Prostitution, Julian, New York.
  • Csicsery, G. (ed.) 1963, The Sex Industry, New American Lib., New York.
  • Davis, K. 1937, 'The Sociology of Prostitution', American Journal of Sociology, p. 746ff.
  • Davis, K. 197 1, 'Prostitution' in Contemporary Social Problems, eds R. K. Merton & R. Nesbit, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, New York.
  • Esselstyn, T. 1972, 'Prostitution in United States' in Sex and Society, ed. J. Edwards, Markham, Chicago.
  • James, J., Withers, J., Hafr, M., & Theiss, S. (eds) 1975, The Politics of Prostitution, Social Research Assoc., Seattle.
  • Lemert, E. 1968, 'Prostitution' in Problems of Social Behavior eds E. Sagarin & D. McNamara, Thos. Y. Crowell, New York.
  • McLeod, E. 1982, Women Working: Prostitution Now, Croom Helm, London.
  • Reckless, W. 1943, 'A Sociologist Looks at Prostitution', Federal Probation, vol. 7, p. 12ff.
  • Wilson, P. R. 1971, The Sexual Dilemma: Abortion, Homosexuality, Prostitution and the Criminal Threshold, University of Queensland, St Lucia.
  • Wilson, P. R. & Chappell, D. 1969, 'Prostitution in Australia', Australian Journal of Social Issues, vol. 4, p. 2ff, July.
  • Young, W. 1967, 'Prostitution' in Social Deviance, eds J. H. Gagnon & W. Simon, Harper & Row, New York.


  • Bryan, J. 1965, 'Apprenticeship in Prostitution', Social Problems, vol. 12, p. 287ff.
  • Bryan, J. 1966, 'Occupational Ideologies and Individual Attitudes of Call Girls', Social Problems, vol. 13, p. 441ff.
  • Cohen, B. 1980, Deviant Street Networks: Prostitution in New York City, Lexington Books, Lexington MA.
  • Davis, N. 1971, 'The Prostitute: Developing a Deviant Identity' in Studies in the Sociology of Sex, ed. J. Henstin, Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York.
  • Evans, E. 1974, Massage Parlor Girl, Belmont Tower, New York.
  • Filla, R. 1975, 'Life as a Prostitute' in The Other Half: Women in Australian Society, ed. J. Mercer, Penguin, Ringwood.
  • Filla, R. 1975, 'Toward an Understanding of Prostitution' in Social Deviance in Australia, eds A. R. Edwards & P. R. Wilson, Cheshire, Melbourne.
  • Heyl, B. S. 1979, The Madam as Entrepreneur, Transaction, New Brunswick NJ.
  • Jackman, N. & O'Toole, R. 1963, 'The Self Image of the Prostitute', Sociology Quarterly, vol. 4, p. 150ff.
  • James, J. 1972, 'Sweet Cream Ladies: An Introduction to Prostitute Taxonomy', Western Canadian Journal of Anthropology, vol. 3, p. 102ff.
  • Kleinman, L. 1973, Sex Parlor, New American Lib., New York.
  • Maurer, D. 1939, 'Prostitutes and Criminal Argots', American Journal of Sociology, vol.44, p. 547ff.
  • Reitman, B. L. 1936, The Second Oldest Profession: A Study of the Prostitutes, "Business Manager", Constable, London.
  • Rolph, C. H. (ed) 1955, Women of the Streets: A Sociological Study of the Common Prostitute, Seeker & Warburg, London.
  • Thomas, W. 1. 1923, The Unadjusted Girl, Little Brown, Boston.
  • Velarde, A. & Warlick, M. 1974, 'Massage Parlors: The Sensuality Business', Society, Nov./Dec.

First hand accounts

  • Beirmann, P. 1980, We Are Women Like All Women, Rowohit, Hamburg.
  • Dee, M. 1974, 'The Prostitute: More Sinned Against Than Sinning' in Two Faces of Deviance, eds P. R. Wilson & J. Braithwaite, University of Queensland, St Lucia.
  • Delacoste, F. & Alexander, P. 1987, Sex Work: Writings by Women in the Sex Industry, Cleis, San Francisco.
  • Jaget, C. (ed) 1980, Prostitutes, Our Life, Falling Wall, Bristol.
  • Millet, K. 1973, The Prostitution Papers, Avon, New York.
  • Perkins, R. & Bennett G. 1985, Being A Prostitute, Allen & Unwin, Sydney.
  • Pheterson, G. (ed.) 1989, A Vindication of the Rights of Whores, Seal, Seattle.
  • Roberts, N. 1986, The Front Line: Women in the Sex Industry Speak, Grafton, London.


  • Benjamin, H. 1961, 'Prostitution' in The Encyclopedia of Sexual Behavior, eds A. Ellis & A. Abaranel, Vol. 2, Hawthorn, New York.
  • Bullough, V. L., Elcano, B., Deacon, M. & Bullough, B. (eds) 1977, A Bibliography of Prostitution, Garland, New York.
  • Greenwald, H. & KRICH, A. (eds) 1960, The Prostitute in Literature, Ballantine, New York.
  • Kaplan, L. & Kessler, D. 1976, 'The Economics of Prostitution' in An Economic Analysis of Crime: Selected Readings, eds L. Kaplan & D. Kessler, C. C. Thomas, Springfield
  • Perkins, R. 1989, 'Wicked Women or Working Girls: The Prostitute on the Silver Screen', Media Information Australia, vol. 5 1, p. 28ff, Feb.
  • Wells, J. W. 1970, Tricks of the Trade: A Hooker's Handbook of Sexual Techniques, New American Lib., New York.