Australian Institute of Criminology

Skip to content

Working girls : prostitutes, their life and social control

References [from The prostitutes' response]

  • Abraham, K. 1942, 'Manifestations of the female castration complex', Selected Papers, Hogarth, London.
  • Agoston, T. 1945, 'Some psychological aspects of prostitution - pseudo-personality', International Journal of Psychoanalysis, vol 26.
  • Aitken, J. 1977, Prostitutes in NSW, Seminar on Victimless Crimes, Macquarie University, 24-27 February.
  • Allen, J. 1984, 'The Making of the Prostitute Proletariat in early 20th Century NSW' in So Much Hard Work, ed. K. Daniels, Fontana, Sydney.
  • Amir, M. 1967a, 'Forcible rape', Federal Probation, vol. 31, no. 1.,
  • --- 1967b, 'Victim precipitated forcible rape', Journal of Criminal Law Criminology and Police Science, vol. 58, no. 4.
  • Anglican Press Service 1987, Anglican Church Condemns Prostitution - Report, 11 June, Sydney.
  • Aquinas, St. Thomas, 1225?- 1274, Summa Theologica.
  • Augustine of Hippo 354-430, De Ordine
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics 1981-85, Court Statistics, Canberra, cat. 4501.2
  • --- 1983, Victims of Crime, Canberra, cat. 4506.0.
  • --- 1984-85, Census for New South Wales.
  • --- 1985, Lifestyle: Health Risk Factors, New South Wales, October, Canberra, cat. 4311. 1.
  • --- 1986a, Census of population and housing in Australia.
  • --- 1986b, Census of population and housing in New South Wales.
  • --- 1986c, Year Book, Australia 1985, Canberra, cat. 1302.0.
  • --- 1987, Court Statistics, Canberra, cat. 4501.5.
  • --- 1988a, Divorces, Canberra, cat 3307.0.
  • --- 1988b, Marriages, Australia 1988, Canberra, cat. 3306.0.
  • --- 1989a, Average Earnings, Australia, Canberra, cat. 6301.0.
  • --- 1989b, Average Weekly Earnings, States and Australia, 19 May, Canberra, cat. 6302.0.
  • --- 1989c, Labour Force Experience, Australia, during year ending February 1989, Canberra, cat. 6206.0.
  • --- 1989d, Labour Force, Australia, August 1989, Canberra, cat. 6203.0.
  • Bacon, W. 1983, 'Juanita: the Story behind the Story', The National Times, 14-20 October.
  • Barnhardt, J.B. 1986, The Fair but Frail: Prostitution in San Francisco 1849-1900, University of Nevada, Reno.
  • Becker, H.S. 1963, Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Deviance, Free Press, New York.
  • Benjamin, H. & Masters, R.E.L. 1964, Prostitution and Morality, Julian, New York.
  • Blaikie, G. 1980, Wild Women of Sydney, Rigby, Adelaide.
  • Brownmiller, S. 1973, 'Speaking out on prostitution' in Radical Feminism, eds. A. Koedt, E. Levine & A. Rapone, Quadrangle, New York.
  • --- 1975, Against our Will: Women, Men and Rape, Penguin, Harmondsworth.
  • Brundage, J.A. 1976, 'Prostitution in the Medieval Canon Law, Signs', Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 1, no. 4.
  • Bullough, V.L. 1964, The History of Prostitution, University Books, New York.
  • --- 1982, 'The prostitute in the Early Middle Ages' in Sexual Practices and the Medieval Church, eds V.L. Bullough & J. Brundage, Prometheus, Buffalo, New York.
  • Bullough, V.L., Elcano, B., Deacon, M. & Bullough, B. (eds) 1977, A Bibliography of Prostitution, Garland, New York.
  • Burford, E.J. 1976, Bawds and Lodgings: a History of the London Bankside Brothels, c 100-1675, Peter Owen, London.
  • Burnstin, J. & James, J. 1971, 'Prostitution in Seattle', Washington State Bar News, vol. 29, no. 31.
  • Campaign, August 1983.
  • Canada, Royal Commission on the Status of Women 1970, Report of the Royal Commission on the Status of Women in Canada, Information Canada, Ottawa.
  • Caprio, F. & Brenner, D. 196 1, Sexual Behavior: Psycho-Legal Aspects, Citadel, New York.
  • Carrington, K. 1989, Manufacturing Female Delinquency: A Study of Juvenile Justice, PhD dissertation, Macquarie University, Sydney.
  • Centres for Disease Control 1987, 'Antibody to human immunodeficiency virus in female prostitutes', Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 27 March, vol. 36, no. 11.
  • Choisy, M. 1960, A Month among the Girls, Pyramid, New York.
  • --- 1961, Psychoanalysis of the Prostitute, Philosophical Lib., New York.
  • Clark, M. 1980, A Short History of Australia, New American Library, New York.
  • Cleo, May 1989
  • Cleugh, J. 1970, Love Locked Out, Spring, London.
  • Cohen, J. et at. 1988, 4th International AIDS Conference.
  • Collier, J. 1965, The Hypocritical American, McFadden-Bartell, New York.
  • Commission of Inquiry into Allegations of Police Corruption in the Queensland Police Department 1986-89, (Fitzgerald Inquiry), Report, Queensland Government Printer, Brisbane.
  • Connexions 1984, International Women's Quarterly, Spring, vol. 12.
  • Conrad, G.L., Kleris, G.S., Rush, B. & Darrow, W.W. 1981, 'Sexually transmitted diseases among prostitutes and other sexual offenders', Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 8, no.4.
  • Criminal Law Revision Committee 1982, Working Party on Offences Relating to Prostitution and Allied Offences, WA Government Printer, Perth.
  • Cumpston, J.H.L. 1989, Health and Disease in Australia, ed. M.J. Lewis, AGPS, Canberra.
  • Daily Telegraph, 11 December 1984, 14 December 1984, 8 July 1987.
  • Daly, M. 1978, Gyn/Ecology: The Metaethics of Radical Feminism, Beacon, Boston.
  • Daniels, K. 1984, 'Prostitution in Tasmania during the transition from penal settlement to "civilised" society' in So Much Hard Work, ed. K. Daniels, Fontana, Sydney.
  • Darrow, W.W. 1984, 'Prostitution and sexually transmitted diseases' in Sexually Transmitted Diseases, eds K.K. Holmes et al. McGraw-Hill, New York.
  • Datesman, S.K. & Inciardi, J.A. 1979, 'Female heroin use: criminality and prostitution', Contemporary Drug Problems, vol. 8, no. 4.
  • Davidson, R. 1984, 'Dealing with the "social evil" prostitution and the police in Perth and on the eastern goldfields 1895-1924' in So Much Hard Work, ed. K. Daniels, Fontana, Sydney.
  • Davis, K. 1937, 'The sociology of prostitution', American Journal of Sociology, vol. 746.
  • --- 1961, 'Prostitution' in Contemporary Social Problems, eds R.K. Merton & R. Nesbit, Harcourt-Brace, New-York.
  • Davis, N. 1971, 'The prostitute: developing a deviant identity' in Studies in the Sociology of Sex, ed. J.M. Henslin, Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York.
  • de Beauvoir, S. 1979, The Second Sex, Penguin, Harmondsworth.
  • de Reincoun, A. 1974, Sex and Power in History, Delta, New York.
  • Decker, J. 1979, Prostitution: Regulation and Control, Rothman, Littleton.
  • Delacoste, F. & Alexander, P. 1987, Sex Work: Writings by Women in the Sex Industry, Cleis, San Francisco.
  • Deutsch, H. 1929, 'The genesis of agraphobia', International Journal of Psychoanalysis, vol. 10.
  • Devlin, Lord Patrick 1959/65, The Enforcement of Morals, Oxford University press.
  • Dixon, O.F. (WA Ombudsman) 1982, Report of O.F. Dixon on the action taken by the Police regarding allegations of graft and corruption within the Police Force, WA Government Printer, Perth.
  • Dixson, M. 1976, The Real Matilda, Penguin, Ringwood.
  • Donovan, B. 1984a, 'Gonorrhoea in a Sydney house of prostitution', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 140, no. 5.
  • --- 1984b, 'Medico-social aspects of a house of prostitution, Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 140, no. 5.
  • Dworkin, R. 1965-66, 'Lord Devlin and the Enforcement of Morals', Yale Law Journal, vol 75, p. 1001.
  • --- 1978, Taking Rights Seriously, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • ECP newsletter, 23 July 1984.
  • Elkin, A.P. 1974, The Australian Aborigines, Angus & Robertson, Sydney.
  • Engels, F. 1978, 'The origin of the family, private property and the state' in The Marx-Engels Reader, ed. R.C. Tucker, Norton, New York.
  • Ericsson, L.O. 1980, 'Charges against prostitution: an attempt at a philosophical assessment', Ethics, vol. 90.
  • Evans, R. 1984, '"Soiled Doves": Prostitution in Colonial Queensland' in So Much Hard Work, ed. K. Daniels, Fontana, Sydney.
  • Exner, J.E., Wylie, J., Leura, A. & Parrill, T. 1977, 'Some psychological characteristics of prostitutes', Journal of Personality Assessment, vol. 41, no. 5.
  • Face to Face 1985, Marshall Cavendish, London.
  • Filia, R. 1975a, 'Life as a prostitute' in The Other Half: Women in Australian Society, ed. J. Mercer, Penguin, Ringwood.
  • --- 1975b, 'Towards an understanding of prostitution' in Social Deviance in Australia, eds A.R. Edwards & P. Wilson, Cheshire, Melbourne.
  • Finkelhor, D. 1979, Sexually Victimised Children, Free Press, New York.
  • Firestone, S. 1970, The Dialectic of Sex, Bantam, New York.
  • Fischl, M.A. 1987, 3rd International AIDS Conference.
  • Fitzgerald Inquiry 1986-89 see Commission of Inquiry into Allegations of Police Corruption.
  • Flexner, A. 1914, Prostitution in Europe, Patterson-Smith, Montclair.
  • Foucault, M. 1980, A History of Sexuality, Vol. 1: an Introduction, Vintage, New York.
  • Freud, S. 1905/1979, 'Infantile sexuality' in On sexuality: three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality and Other Works, Penguin, New York.
  • Gagnon, J. & Simon, W. 1973, Sexual Conduct, Aldine, Chicago.
  • Gibbens, T.C.N. 1957, 'Juvenile prostitution', British Journal of Delinquency, vol. 8.
  • --- 1971, 'Female Offenders', British Journal of Hospital Medicine, September.
  • Glover, E. 1960, 'The psychopathology of prostitution' in The Roots of Crime, ed. E. Glover, International Universities, New York.
  • Golder, H. & Allen, J. 1979-80, 'Prostitution in New South Wales 1870-1932: Restructuring an industry', Refractory Girl, vols 18/19, Dec-Jan.
  • Goldman, E. 1973, 'The traffic in women' in Feminism: The Essential Historical Writings, Vintage, New York.
  • Goldman, M. 1972, 'Prostitution and virtue in Nevada', Society, vol. 10, Nov/Dec.
  • Goldstein, P.J. 1979, Prostitution and Drugs, Lexington Books, Lexington.
  • Great Britain, Committee on Homosexual Offences and Prostitution 1957, Report of the committee on Homosexual Offences and Prostitution, (Chairman, Sir John Wolfenden), Cmnd 247, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London.
  • Greenwald, H. 1958, The Call Girl: a Social and Psychoanalytical Study, Ballantine, New York.
  • Harcourt, C., Edwards, I. & Philpot R. 1988, 'On the "Grim Reaper" campaign', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 149.
  • Harcourt, C., Philpot, R., Edwards, J. 1989a, 'The effects of condom use by clients on the incidence of STDs in female prostitutes', Venereology, vol. 2, no. 1.
  • --- 1989b, 'Human immunodeficiency virus infection in prostitutes', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 150.
  • Harlow, H.F. 1962, 'The heterosexual affectional system in monkeys', American Psvchologist, vol. 17.
  • Henriques, F. 1962, Prostitution and Society, Vol. 1: Primitive, classical and Oriental, Grove, New York.
  • --- 1963, Prostitution and Society, Vol. II: Europe and the New World, MacGibbon & Kee, London.
  • Historical Records of Australia (HRA), vol. 1, no. 9.
  • Historical Records of Australia (HRA), vol. 4, no. 1.
  • Hite, S. 1977, The Hite Report, Summit (Paul Hamlyn), Dee Why West.
  • Hollander, M. 1961, 'Prostitution, the body and human relatedness', International Journal of Psychoanalvsis, vol. 42.
  • Horan, S. 1984, '"More Sinned Against than Sinning": Prostitution in South Australia' in So Much Hard Work, ed. K. Daniels, Fontana, Sydney.
  • Hughes, R. 1987, The Fatal Shore, Knopf, New York.
  • Hunt, M. 1974, Sexual behavior in the 1970s, Playboy Publications, Chicago.
  • Hutchinson 1963, 'Mrs Hutchinson and the Female Factories of Early Australia', Tasmanian Historical Research Association, Papers and Proceedings, December, vol. 11, no. 2.
  • Hutton, B. 1987, 'Prostitute's Lot: Legal, but worse off', I, 13 February, Accent Section.
  • Inquiry into Prostitution (Victoria) 1985, Final Report, (inquirer, Marcia Neave), vol. 1, Government Printer, Victoria.
  • Irving Saulwick & Associates, SRS Australia Pty Ltd, and the Department of Political Science, University of Melbourne 1985, National Survey reported in Sydney Morning Herald, 13 May 1985.
  • Jaget, C. 1980 Prostitutes, Our Life, Falling Wall Press, Bristol.
  • James, J. 1972, 'Sweet Cream Ladies: an introduction to prostitute taxonomy', Western Canadian Journal of anthropology, vol. 3.
  • --- 1978, Juvenile Female Prostitution, Final Report, University of Washington, Seattle.
  • --- 1979, Entrance into Juvenile Prostitution, Progress Report to the Department of Health Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, University of Washington, Seattle.
  • James, J. & Davis, N. 1982, 'Contingencies in female sexual role deviance: the case of prostitution', Human Organisation, vol. 41, no. 4.
  • James, J. & Meyerding, J. 1977a, 'Early sexual experience and prostitution', American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 134, no. 12.
  • --- 1977b, 'Early sexual experiences as a factor in prostitution', Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol 7, no. 1.
  • Janus, S., Bess, B. & Saltus, C. 1977, A Sexual Profile of Men in Power, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.
  • Jeffrey, J.R. 1979, Frontier Women: The trans-Mississippi West 1840-1880, Hill & Wang, New York.
  • Johnston, D. 1984, 'St. Kilda Voices' in So Much Hard Work, ed. K. Daniels, Fontana, Sydney.
  • Jones, R. 1984, 'STD in prostitution', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 140, no. 5.
  • Kant, I. 1780 (trans. L. Infield 1963), Lectures on Ethics, Harper.
  • Kiddle, M. 1950, Caroline Chisholm, University of Melbourne, Melbourne.
  • Kinsey, A.C., Pomeroy, W.B. & Martin, C.E. 1948, Sexual Behavior in the Human Male, Saunders, Philadelphia.
  • Kinsey, A.C., Pomeroy, W.B., Martin, C.E. & Gebhard, P.H. 1953, Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, Saunders, Philadelphia.
  • Kippax, S., Crawford, J., Benton, P. & Waidby, C. 1988, Women negotiating sex: implications for AIDS prevention, Paper delivered at the 3rd National Conference on AIDS, Hobart, 4-6 August.
  • Klein, G. 1983, Female prostitution and narcotic abuse in East Sydney: the impact of drug dependence on income from prostitution, Bourke Street Drug Advisory Centre Report, Sydney.
  • Kneeland, G. 1913, Commercialised Vice in New York, Century, New York.
  • Kreiss, J.K., Koech, D. & Plummer, F.A. 1986, 'AIDS virus infection in Nairobi prostitutes', New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 314.
  • Lampl-de Groot, J. 1928, 'The evolution of the Oedipus complex in women', International Journal of Psychoanalysis, vol 9.
  • Lemert, E.M. 1951, Social Pathology, McGraw-Hill, New York.
  • --- 1967, Human Deviance, Social Problems and Social Control,Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.
  • --- 1968, 'Prostitution' in Problems of Sexual Behavior, eds E. Sagarin & D.E.J. MacNamara, Thos Crowell, New York.
  • Lichtenstein, H. 1961, 'Identity and sexuality', Journal of the American Psychoanalytical Association, 9 April.
  • Lombroso, C. 1898/1972, The Criminal Man, Patterson-Smith, Monclair.
  • Lombroso, C. & Ferrero, G. 1895, The Female Offender, Fisher Unwin, London.
  • Macquarie Dictionary, The Budget, 1982, Macquarie Library, McMahons Point, NSW.
  • Maiuro, R.D., Trupin, E. & James, J. 1983, 'Sex role differentiation in a female juvenile delinquent population: prostitutes vs. control samples', American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, vol. 53, no. 2.
  • Mancini, J. 1963, Prostitutes and their Parasites, Elek, London.
  • Marshall, R. 1986, 'Prostitution and the Law in WA', Direct Action, vol. 13, August.
  • Marx, K. 1978, 'Economic and philosophic manuscripts of 1844' in The Marx-Engels Reader, ed R.C. Tucker, Norton, New York.
  • Matza, D. 1969, Becoming Deviant, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs.
  • McConville, C.C. 1980, ' The location of Melbourne's prostitutes, 1870-1920', Historical Studies, vol. 19, April.
  • McCoy, A.W. 1980, Drug Traffic: Narcotics and organised crime in Australia, Harper & Row, Sydney.
  • McLeod, E. 1982, Women Working: Prostitution Now, Croom Helm, London.
  • Merton, R.K. 1957, Social Theory and Social Structure, Free Press, New York.
  • Migne, J.P. 1845-49, Patrologia Latina, vols 32-47.
  • Millet, K. 1971, 'Prostitution: a quartet for female voices' in Women in Sexist Society, eds V. Gornick & B.K. Moran, New American Library, New York.
  • --- 1973, The Prostitution Papers, Avon, New York
  • --- 1979, Sexual Politics, Virago, London.
  • Milner, C. & Milner, R. 1972, Black Players: The Secret World Of Black Pimps, Bantam, New York.
  • Network 1983, news from the ECP, July.
  • Niss, A. 1971, Das Strich-Buch, Zero, Frankfurt.
  • NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics 1972-89, Court Statistics.
  • NSW Government Child Sexual Assault Task Force 1984, Community Consultation Paper, September.
  • NSW Legislative Assembly 1983, Votes and Proceedings, Entry 37, No. 48, 30 March.
  • NSW Parliamentary Papers (PP), vol. 2, Select Committee on Transportation.
  • NSW Police Department 1983, submission to the NSW Select Committee upon Prostitution.
  • NSW Police Department, Annual Report (various), 1908-1971.
  • NSW Select Committee of the Legislative Assembly upon Prostitution 1986, Report, (Chairman: P. Rogan), Parliament of New South Wales, April, Sydney.
  • NSW Votes and Proceedings (VP) 1859-60, vol. 4.
  • NSW Women's Advisory Council on Prostitution 1978-79, Position Paper, Hansard III, vol. 141.
  • Papaevangelou, G., Roumeliotou-Karayannis, A., Kallinikos, G. & Papoutsakis, G. 1985,'LAV/HTLV-III infection in female prostitutes', Lancet.
  • Parent-Duchatelet, A.J.B. 1857, 'De la prostitution dans la Ville de Paris', Bailiere de Fils, Paris.
  • Pateman, C. 1988, The Sexual Contract, Polity, Cambridge.
  • Pearl, J. 1987, 'The highest paying customers: America's cities and the cost of prostitution control', Hastings Law Journal, April, vol. 38, no. 4.
  • Penn, Roberta 1984, 'The River' in The Rocket, May.
  • Penney, Richard L. (Dr to Governor George Grey), 1984, cit. S. Horan, "More sinned against than sinning?", Prostitution in South Australia 1836-1914', in So Much Hard Work, ed. K. Daniels, Fontana, Sydney.
  • Perkins, R. 1984, Prostitute women as gaol bait, Submission No. 11, NSW Select Committee upon Prostitution, Parliament of New South Wales.
  • --- 1989, 'Wicked women or working girls: the prostitute on the silver screen' Media Information Australia, vol. 5 1, February.
  • Perkins, R. & Bennett, G. 1985, Being a Prostitute, Allen & Unwin, Sydney.
  • Perry, M.E. 1985, 'Deviant Insiders: Legalised prostitutes and a consciousness of women in Early Modem Seville', Comparative Studies in Society and History, vol. 27, no. 1.
  • Pheterson, G. (ed.) 1989, A Vindication of the Rights of Whores, Seal, Seattle.
  • --- 1986, The Whore Stigma, Ministerie van Sociale Zaken en Vlerkgelegenheld, Nederland, September.
  • Philpot, C.R., Harcourt, C.L. & Edwards, J.M. 1989, 'Drug use by prostitutes in Sydney', British Journal of Addiction, vol. 84.
  • Philpot C.R., Harcourt, C., Edwards, J. & Grealis, A. 1988,'Human immunodeficiency virus and female prostitutes, Sydney 1985, Genitourin Medicine, vol. 64.
  • Police Departments (various jurisdictions) 1987, Annual Report.
  • Police Departments 1987-88, Australian Federal, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, Western Australia and Northern Territory Police Departments, Police Reports.
  • Polonsky, M.J. 1974, The "Not-so-happy hooker": a psychological comparison between professional prostitutes and other women, doctoral dissertation, University of Tennessee, Knoxville.
  • Pomeroy, W.B. 1965, 'Some aspects of prostitution', Journal of Sex Research, vol. 1, no. 3.
  • Potterat, J.J., Phillips, L., Rothenbert, R.B. & Darrow, W.W. 1984, 'On becoming a prostitute: an explanatory case-comparison study', Brief Reports, El Paso Country Health Department, Colorado Springs.
  • Price, C.A. & Pyne, P. 1977, 'The Immigrants' in Australian Society, eds A.F. Davies, S. Encel, & M.J. Berry, Longman Cheshire, Melbourne.
  • Private Member's Bill No. 18 1986, SA Legislative Assembly.
  • Private Member's Bill No. 31 1980, SA Legislative Assembly.
  • Reines, R. 1985, 'A Touch of Class', Good Weekend (companion to the Sydney Morning Herald), 11 May.
  • Richards, D.A.J. 1979, 'Commercial sex and the rights of the person: a moral argument for the decriminalisation of prostitution' in University of Pennsylvania Law Review, vol. 127, no.5.
  • Richters, J., Donovan, B., Gerofi, J. & Watson, L. 1988, 'Low condom breakage rate in commercial sex,' Lancet.
  • Robson, L.L. 1965, The Convict Settlers of Australia, University of Melbourne, Melbourne.
  • Rosen, R. 1982, The Lost Sisterhood: Prostitution in America, 1900-1918, Johns Hopkins, Baltimore.
  • Rosenthal, T. & Vandow, J. 195 8, 'Prevalence of venereal disease in prostitutes', British Journal of Venereal Diseases, vol. 34.
  • Royal Commission on Human Relationships 1977, Final Report, (Chairman, E.A. Evatt), vol. 5, AGPS, Canberra.
  • Ryan, M. 1839, Society for Suppression of Vice.
  • SA Select Committee of Inquiry into Prostitution 1980, Report, Paper 152, SA Government Printer, Adelaide.
  • Sanger, W. 1858-1937, The History of Prostitution, Eugenics, New York.
  • Scharbert, J. 1974, 'Kommunale dirnenwohnheimlosung des dirnenproblems?', Kriminalistik, vol. 28, no. 8.
  • Schur, E. 1965, Crimes without Victims: Deviant behavior and Public Policy, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.
  • Schwartzkoff, J. 1983, submission on behalf of the Gay Rights Lobby to the NSW Select Committee upon Prostitution.
  • Scott, C.R. 1968, Ladies of Vice, Tallis, London.
  • Seeman, M. 1959, 'On the meaning of alienation', American Sociological Review, vol. 24, no. 6.
  • Sexton, R.O. & Maddock, R.C. 1980, 'The prostitutes' Syndrome', Journal of Religion and Health, vol. 19.
  • SF Examiner, 20 March 1984.
  • Sheehy, G. 1973, Hustling: Prostitution in Our Wide Open Society, Delacorte, New York.
  • --- 1974, 'Prostitution-who pays'? who profits?' in Sexual Deviance and Sexual Deviants, eds E. Goode & R. Troiden, William Morrow, New York.
  • Silbert, M.H., & Pines, A.M. 1982a, 'Entrance into prostitution', Youth and Society, vol. 13. no.4.
  • --- 1982b, 'Occupational hazards of street prostitutes', Criminal Justice and Behavior, vol. 8, no. 4.
  • Silbert, M.H. Pines, A.M. & Lynch, T. 1982, 'Substance abuse and prostitution', Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, vol. 14, no. 3.
  • Simons, G.L. 1975, A Place of Pleasure: the History of the Brothel, Harwood-Smart, Lewes.
  • Smith, G.L. & Smith, K.F. 1986,'Lack of HIV infection and condom use in licensed prostitutes', Lancet.
  • Stein, M. 1974, Lovers, Friends, Slaves-The Nine Male Sexual Types: Their Psycho-Sexual Transactions with Call Girls, Berkley, New York.
  • Sternberg, D. 1983, 'Prostitutes as Victimizers' in Deviants: Victims or Victimizers?, ed. Donal E.J. MacNamara, Sage, Beverly Hills, California.
  • Stott, M. 1978, 'Who wants to be a sex object, even if the price is right?', Guardian, 6 December.
  • Sturma, M. 1978, 'Eye of the beholder: the stereotype of women convicts 1788-1852', Labour History, vol. 34, May.
  • Summers, A. 1975, Damned Whores and God's Police, Penguin, Ringwood.
  • Sydney Morning Herald, 10 September 1983.
  • --- 13 May 1985.
  • --- 20 June 1989.
  • --- 9 July 1987.
  • Szasz, T. 1957, Pain and Pleasure - A Study of Body Feelings, Basic, New York.
  • Tannahill, R. 1981, Sex in History, Abacus, London
  • The Body Politic, June 1983.
  • The Canberra Times, 18 December 1985.
  • The Daily Pennsylvanian, 27 May 1985.
  • The Philadelphia Tribune, 29 May 1985.
  • The Sacramento Union, 15 March 1984.
  • --- 1 February 1985.
  • The Seattle Times, 17 March 1984.
  • The Times, London, 28 July 1982.
  • The Tribune, Oakland (Calif.), 20 March 1984.
  • The Wall Street Journal, 28 March 1984.
  • Thomas, W.I. 1923/1967, The Unadjusted Girl, Harper & Row, New York.
  • Thompson, W.R. & Meilak, R. 1956,'Early environment', Scientific American, vol. 194, no. 1.
  • Time, 16 April 1984.
  • --- 3 October 1983.
  • Tulsa World City/State, 16 September 1983.
  • Twopeny, R.E.N. 1883, Town Life in Australia, Elliott Stock, London.
  • van de Perre, P., Carael, M., Robert-Guroff, M. 1985, 'Female prostitutes: a risk group for infection with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type III', Lancet.
  • Velarde, A. 1975, 'Married men who frequent prostitutes,' Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, March.
  • Victorian Government, Inquiry into Prostitution 1985, Report, Government Printer, Melbourne.
  • Vitaliano, P.P., Boyer, D. & James, J. 198 1, 'Perceptions of juvenile experience: females involved in prostitution vs. property offenders', Criminal Justice and Behavior, vol. 8, no. 3.
  • Walkowitz, J.R. 1980, Prostitution and Victorian Society: Women, Class and the State, Cambridge University, Cambridge.
  • --- 1982, 'Male vice and feminism virtue: feminist and the politics of prostitution in 19th century Britain', History Workshop, vol 13, Spring.
  • Walkowitz, J.R. & Walkowitz, D.J. 1974, '"We are not beasts of the field"; prostitution and the poor in Plymouth and Southampton under the Contagious Diseases Acts' in Cleo's Consciousness Raised: New perspectives on the History of Women, eds. M. Hartmann & L. Banner, Harper Torchbooks, New York.
  • Waugh, M.A. 197 1, 'Attitudes of hospitals in London on venereal disease in the 18th and 19th centuries', British Journal of Venereal Diseases, vol. 47.
  • Wells, J. 1982, A Herstory of Prostitution in Western Europe, Shameless Hussy, Berkeley.
  • Westermarck, E. 1908/1972, The Origin and Development of the Moral Ideas, vol II, Johnson Reprint Co., New York.
  • Western Australia, Royal Commission into Matters Surrounding the Administration of the Law Relating to Prostitution 1976, Report of the Royal Commission into Matters Surrounding the Administration of the Law Relating to Prostitution, WA Government Printer, Perth.
  • Wilkes, G.A. 1978, A Dictionary of Australian Colloquialisms, University of Sydney, Sydney.
  • Wilkinson, M. & Bacon, W. 1983, 'Law and Order in New South Wales', The National Times, 24-30 June.
  • Williams, R. 1976, Keywords, Fontana, Glasgow.
  • Wilson, P.R. 1971, The Sexual Dilemma, University of Queensland, St. Lucia.
  • Wilson, P.R. & Chappell, D. 1969, 'Prostitution in Australia', Australian Journal of Social Issues, vol. 4, no. 2.
  • Winick, C. 1962,'Prostitutes clients' perception of the prostitute and themselves', International Journal of Social Psychiatry, vol. 8, no. 4.
  • Winick, C. & Kinsie, P. 197 1, The Lively Commerce: Prostitution in the United States, Quadrangle, Chicago.
  • Winter, M. 1976, Prostitution in Australia, Purtaboi, Sydney.
  • Wolfenden Report, see Great Britain.
  • Wolfgang, M. & Ferracuti, F. 1967, The Subculture of Violence, Tavistock, London.
  • Working Party to the Minister for Planning and Environment 1983, Report on the Location of Massage Parlours, Victoria.
  • Yondorf, B. 1979, 'Prostitution as a legal activity: the West German experience', Policy Analysis, vol. 5.