Welcome to the Australian Institute of Criminology
The Australian Institute of Criminology is Australia's national research and knowledge centre on crime and justice. We seek to promote justice and reduce crime by undertaking and communicating evidence-based research to inform policy and practice.
A new report by the Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC) that uses recent corruption cases to analyse how organised crime may target vulnerable public officials has been released.
The government and law enforcement must always be alert to the risk and potential impact of criminals developing new methods to circumvent the police.
As the Government tightens laws, and law enforcement aims to prevent organised crime, criminal organisations will adjust their tactics in order to continue their activities without detection. For example they may use information from social networking sites to target public officials and their families which may lead to corrupt contact.
This report uses crime-script analysis to examine the ways they may target and corrupt public servants
The AIC has released a report Human trafficking and slavery offenders in Australia examining the motivations and methods of 15 human traffickers convicted so far under Australian law.
The majority of convicted offenders in Australia have been women - of the nine trafficking schemes that have been successfully prosecuted, eight involved female offenders (with, in some cases, male co-offenders).
It is important that law enforcement understands the characteristics of trafficking crimes in Australia to ensure policy is properly targeted. While practices of traffickers can make detection more difficult, understanding the nature and motivation of these groups will help in the long run to stamp out this crime.
The recently enacted Crimes Legislation Amendment (Slavery, Slavery-like Conditions and People Trafficking) Act 2013 expands the existing range of offences against slavery and human trafficking by establishing new offences of forced labour, forced marriage, organ trafficking and harbouring a victim.
Funded and endorsed by the Australasian Juvenile Justice Administrators, this AIC study is one of the first national scale research reports into the bail and remand practices for young Australians. A young person can be placed in custody on remand – that is refused bail – for several reasons. After being arrested by police they could be remanded because no plea has been entered for criminal charges, while awaiting trial, during trial or awaiting sentence.
While custodial remand plays an important role in Western criminal justice systems, minimising unnecessary use of remand is important given Australia’s obligations under several UN instruments. They stipulate that youth detention of any kind should be used as a last resort.
This new research identifies trends in the use of custodial remand and explores the factors that influence its use for young people nationally and in each of Australia’s jurisdictions.
Findings from this review include:
- young people most vulnerable to receiving custodial remand are those with complex needs such as mental health, alcohol and other drug abuse problems, and/or a history of experiencing child maltreatment or other violence
- This, combined with legislation that aims to ‘protect’ a young person from the outside world and/or because required services are only available in custody, contributes to situations where young people may be remanded in detention ‘for their own good’
- young people in out-of-home care in particular are highly vulnerable to being placed on custodial remand, and
- evidence-based early intervention and prevention of offending by young people plays an important role in minimising the rate of custodial remand of young people.
This paper investigates issues around poor language competencies of many juvenile offenders, which can impede their participation in Restorative Justice (RJ) conferences. The paper suggests ways to tackle potential misunderstanding for both the offenders, and the victims.
It raises questions about the need to refine preparatory work with young offenders and victims, to better understand young offenders’ capacities to effectively communicate in conference processes. The authors suggest that improved preparation (where language impairments in young offenders are identified and addressed) will lead to better outcomes for young offenders and victims.
The Minister for Justice, Michael Keenan, on November 19th presented the 2013 Australian Crime and Violence Prevention Awards to six community groups and three policing organisations recognising the positive results of good crime prevention programs at a ceremony at Parliament House Canberra.
The Awards are a joint initiative of the Australian, State and Territory governments rewarding outstanding community-based projects and are sponsored by the heads of Australian governments and members of the Ministerial Council for Police and Emergency Management–Police as a joint Australian Government and state and territory initiative. They are administered by the AIC.
Each year, non-government projects that receive a national or state/territory award are also eligible for monetary awards from a funding pool of $130,000 across a number of categories.
24 & 25 March 2014, Royal on the Park Hotel, Brisbane
Presented by Griffith University Violence Research and Prevention Program In collaboration with the Australian Institute of Criminology.
10-11 June 2014, Melbourne Convention Centre
The Australian Institute of Criminology and the Victorian Department of Justice are hosting Australia’s 2nd major Crime Prevention and Communities conference, in collaboration with Victoria Police. This important conference, Building Better Local Solutions, will inform local government, urban planners, policy makers, police, criminologists, non-government community organisations, researchers and students
10-13 November 2013, Pullman Melbourne Albert Park
Organised by the Australian Institute of Criminology, the Conference will be held in Melbourne, Australia from the 10th to 13th of November 2013. The theme, Protecting children: New solutions to old problems, reflects the need to innovate and to enhance responses to key policy and practice issues across the sectors involved in preventing and managing child abuse and neglect.