Justice reinvestment in Australia: A review of the literature


Justice reinvestment (JR) is a data-driven approach to reducing criminal justice system expenditure and improving criminal justice system outcomes through reductions in imprisonment and offending. JR is a comprehensive strategy that employs targeted, evidence-based interventions to achieve cost savings that can be reinvested to further improve social and criminal justice outcomes.JR has gained a great deal of support in Australia, with a number of JR strategies in operation or under development. This report examines the concepts and approaches behind JR and how it might best be applied in Australia. The report shows that while JR faces some challenges in Australia, it also offers substantial potential to improve justice system outcomes.


  • Executive summary
  • Introduction
  • What is justice reinvestment?
  • Themes and approaches
  • International perspectives
  • Justice reinvestment in Australia
  • Questions and challenges
  • Conclusions
  • References