Crime & justice research 2022: Online sexual exploitation of children

Crime and Justice Research 2022

This compendium brings together 15 recent studies on child sexual abuse published by the Australian Institute of Criminology. The first six chapters investigate the nature of the problem, including the specific crime commission processes offenders use, the language offenders use to persuade children to produce images and videos, the production of child abuse material by parents, and rates of reoffending. Chapters 7 to 11 explore solutions to the problem, from cyber strategies and law enforcement interventions to offender treatment programs, biometric software that helps police identify victims appearing in multiple videos, and warning messages that discourage potential offenders from viewing illegal content. The last four chapters examine live streaming of child sexual abuse, analysing the profile of offenders, whether financial transaction data can reveal the most prolific offenders, and how offenders negotiate with facilitators and access victims.


About the editor

List of contributors


1. Crime commission processes in child sexual abuse material production and distribution: A systematic review
Jesse Cale, Thomas Holt, Benoit Leclerc, Sara Singh and Jacqueline Drew

2. Child sexual abuse material on the darknet: A script analysis of how offenders operate
Benoit Leclerc, Jacqueline Drew, Thomas J Holt, Jesse Cale and Sara Singh

3. Online child sexual offenders' language use in real-time chats
Martine B Powell, Sharon Casey and Jon Rouse

4. Production and distribution of child sexual abuse material by parental figures
Michael Salter, WK Tim Wong, Jan Breckenridge, Sue Scott, Sharon Cooper and Noam Peleg

5. Patterns and predictors of reoffending among child sexual offenders: A rapid evidence assessment
Christopher Dowling, Hayley Boxall, Kamarah Pooley, Cameron Long and Christie Franks

6. Reoffending among child sexual offenders
Christopher Dowling, Anthony Morgan and Kamarah Pooley

7. Cyber strategies used to combat child sexual abuse material
Graeme Edwards, Larissa S Christensen, Susan Rayment-McHugh and Christian Jones

8. Criminal justice responses to child sexual abuse material offending: A systematic review and evidence and gap map
Elizabeth Eggins, Lorraine Mazerolle, Angela Higginson, Lorelei Hine, Kerryann Walsh, Michelle Sydes, James McEwan, Georgia Hassall, Scott Roetman, Rebecca Wallis and John Williams

9. Enhancing evidence-based treatment of child sexual abuse material offenders: The development of the CEM-COPE Program
Marie Henshaw, Chelsea Arnold, Rajan Darjee, James RP Ogloff and Jonathan A Clough

10. Developing automated methods to detect and match face and voice biometrics in child sexual abuse videos
Bryce Westlake, Russell Brewer, Thomas Swearingen, Arun Ross, Dana Michalski, Martyn Hole, Katie Logos, Richard Frank, David Bright and Erin Afana

11. Warning messages to prevent illegal sharing of sexual images: Results of a randomised controlled experiment
Jeremy Prichard, Joel Scanlan, Tony Krone, Caroline Spiranovic, Paul Watters and Richard Wortley

12. Australians who view live streaming of child sexual abuse: An analysis of financial transactions
Rick Brown, Sarah Napier and Russell G Smith

13. Predicting prolific live streaming of child sexual abuse
Timothy Cubitt, Sarah Napier and Rick Brown

14. Live streaming of child sexual abuse: An analysis of offender chat logs
Sarah Napier, Coen Teunissen and Hayley Boxall

15. How do child sexual abuse live streaming offenders access victims?
Sarah Napier, Coen Teunissen and Hayley Boxall