Fraud against the Commonwealth is a serious matter for all Australian Commonwealth entities and the Australian public. It prevents taxpayer dollars from reaching intended targets and affects the government’s ability to deliver key services. In accordance with the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 (Cth) and s 10 of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Rule 2014, all non-corporate Commonwealth entities are required to provide the AIC with information concerning their experience of fraud during the preceding year and the fraud control measures that they employ. This report presents information gathered in respect of the 2016–17 financial year. The Australian government is committed to tackling fraud against the Commonwealth by supporting research into the extent of the problem and promoting the development and use of fraud control practices to reduce risks and to detect and deal with fraud in a timely and effective manner.