The National Homicide Monitoring Program is Australia’s only comprehensive national data collection on homicides combining incidents, victims and offenders. This report describes the 227 homicide incidents recorded by Australian state and territory police between 1 July 2014 and 30 June 2015. During this 12-month period there were 252 victims of homicide and 258 identified offenders. Males accounted for 67 percent of homicide victims and 84 percent of identified offenders. The victim and offender were known to each other in 83 percent of homicide incidents recorded; a quarter of homicide incidents involved intimate partners. The homicide rate in Australia in 2015–16 was 0.95 per 100,000, the lowest rate recorded since 1989–90.