Drug use monitoring in Australia: Drug use among police detainees, 2019

Photo of white powder and pills

Established in 1999, the Drug Use Monitoring in Australia (DUMA) program is funded by the Australian Government and is the nation’s longest-running ongoing survey of police detainees across the country. DUMA comprises two core components: a self-report survey on drug use, criminal justice history and demographic information; and voluntary urinalysis.

In 2019, 78 percent (n=676) of detainees tested positive to at least one type of drug, and 44 percent (n=382) tested positive to more than one drug type. Methamphetamine had the highest test positive rate of any drug (51%, n=444), and was also described as the most readily available.