Deaths in custody in Australia 2022-23

Chainlink fence

The National Deaths in Custody Program has monitored the extent and nature of deaths occurring in prison, police custody and youth detention in Australia since 1980. The Australian Institute of Criminology has coordinated the program since its establishment in 1992, the result of a recommendation made the previous year by the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody. In 2022–23, there were 110 deaths in custody: 70 in prison custody and 40 in police custody or custody-related operations. In total, there were 31 Indigenous deaths and 79 non-Indigenous deaths in custody. This report contains detailed information on these deaths and compares the findings with longer term trends.


  • Acknowledgements
  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Definition of a death in custody
  • Data collection
  • Scope
  • Considerations
  • Deaths in custody 2022-23
  • Deaths in prison custody
  • Deaths in police custody and custody-related operations
  • Indigenous deaths in custody 2022-23
  • Indigenous deaths in prison custody
  • Indigenous deaths in police custody and custody-related operations
  • Non-Indigenous deaths in custody 2022-23
  • Non-Indigenous deaths in prison custody
  • Non-Indigenous deaths in police custody and custody-related operations
  • References