Despite the substantial impact of crime on the business community, there has not always been a strong research focus on business crimes. This report attempts to address this issue by reviewing the literature pertaining to the scale of the problem, possible causal explanations, and strategies for prevention. The report examines studies conducted both in Australia and overseas, and presents findings on the nature and extent of business crime, with data relating to victimisation, reporting, and costs. Findings are also presented for different types of business crime, as well as an overview of results from the Australian Institute of Criminology study of crimes against small business in Australia conducted in 1999. The report then goes on to consider possible predictors for business crime, from individual and situational perspectives. Finally, the report focuses on the preventative aspect of business crime, first presenting findings from various studies of business owners' own efforts to fight crime, and then detailing case studies of successful crime prevention strategies, along with guidelines for business. A number of relevant recommendations are also proposed.